Bosnia Industry – FK Leotar Tue, 14 Sep 2021 16:12:55 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Bosnia Industry – FK Leotar 32 32 Glovo acquires Spanish and Portuguese companies Tue, 14 Sep 2021 16:12:55 +0000

The Spanish courier / delivery service Glovo purchases two delivery companies: one in its home country, the other in Portugal.

As Bloomberg News reported on Tuesday, September 14, the company has reached a deal to buy Lola Market in Spain and Portuguese company Mercadao for undisclosed amounts. The two companies will retain their identity and operate independently of Glovo, Gonçalo Soares da Costa, CEO of Mercadao, leading the two companies. According to Bloomberg, the two companies will initially expand in Poland and Italy.

The purchases follow a $ 530 million Series F fundraiser led by Glovo earlier in the year. At the time, Glovo founder and CEO Oscar Pierre said the funding would be used to expand his “leadership position”.

Read more: Spanish messaging platform Glovo wins $ 530 million for Q-Commerce

The company has grown across Europe, recently purchasing Delivery Hero’s business in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Montenegro, Romania and Serbia, as well as parts of Delivery Hero’s Croatian operations, for $ 207 million. of dollars.

See also: Glovo takes over the Balkan business of Delivery Hero for $ 207 million

The Bloomberg report notes that this industry has seen an increase in demand for fast delivery of grocery and restaurant products. Glovo expects the gross transaction value of its Q-commerce business to triple, crossing an execution rate of € 1 billion by the end of next year.

At the same time, the gig worker model that apps like Glovo rely on is facing increasing pressure from the government.

Read more: Dutch court rules Uber drivers as employees, fines Co 50,000 euros

On Monday, September 13, a Dutch court ruled that Uber drivers should be considered employees and not concert workers, and are therefore protected by local labor laws. The decision of the Amsterdam District Court concluded that the approximately 4,000 Uber drivers in that city are employees of a taxi company and are therefore entitled to the benefits corresponding to this industry.

As for Glovo, Bloomberg says he faces a change in law as Spain passed the first EU law that considers delivery people to be employees.



On: Eighty percent of consumers want to use non-traditional payment options like self-service, but only 35 percent were able to use them for their most recent purchases. Today’s Self-Service Shopping Journey, a PYMNTS and Toshiba Collaboration, analyzes more than 2,500 responses to find out how merchants can address availability and perception issues to meet demand for self-service kiosks.

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the goal of Serbia’s global “vaccine diplomacy” Fri, 10 Sep 2021 05:07:53 +0000 Foreign policy buffs have already become accustomed to the term vaccine diplomacy. The term refers to governments trying to increase their prestige and influence by donating vaccines to foreign countries in the age of Covid-19.

This policy has been associated with great powers like China, Russia and India. However, smaller countries like Serbia are also engaged in their vaccine diplomacy.

On August 30, 2021, Serbian Foreign Minister Nikola Selaković told the Serbian press that in 11 days in Africa alone, Serbia has donated more than 200,000 doses of Covid-19 vaccines.

Serbian vaccine diplomacy is no longer a campaign focused on Serbia’s neighborhood in the Balkans, but has gone global as Serbia uses it to engage with members of the Non-Aligned Movement in Africa, in Middle East and Asia to pursue foreign policy interests.

What are the reasons for this ambitious policy?

For starters, Serbia has the luxury of suing him. Serbia has not hesitated to obtain vaccines manufactured in the West, Russia and China. China has been decisive on this front.

Of all the vaccines acquired by the Serbian government, the most available is the Chinese vaccine Sinopharm. According to the Serbian government, Belgrade has so far received 4.2 million doses of vaccine from Beijing. Serbia signed an agreement with China to build a Sinopharm vaccine production plant in Serbia, and production of the Russian Sputnik V vaccine in Serbia began in June.

As Serbian President Aleksandar Vučić confirmed during his March 2021 press conference with Chinese Ambassador to Serbia Chen Bo, the Chinese side has banned the donation of Sinopharm vaccines to third parties.

However, the large quantities of Sinopharm vaccines provide Serbia with a surplus of vaccines from other manufacturers. This creates an opportunity for Serbia to donate vaccines to increase its soft power credentials and political influence.

In early 2021, Serbia exercised its own vaccine diplomacy in the Balkans by donating Sputnik V, Pfizer and AstraZeneca vaccines to its neighbors in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, North Macedonia and allowing foreign nationals to come to Serbia to get vaccinated.

New axis not aligned

Serbia is now more ambitious because it has focused its efforts on countries in the Middle East, Africa and Asia, all members of the Non-Aligned Movement, an organization of which the former Yugoslavia was one. leading countries.

Spearheading this new campaign is Serbian Foreign Minister Nikola Selaković, who has recently been a frequent traveler. This time, the Russian Sputnik V vaccine is in the offer.

In Lebanon, Serbia donated 40,000 vaccines, the first half having already been delivered.

Africa was next on Selaković’s travel list. In Zimbabwe, Serbia has donated 30,000 doses of vaccine and Belgrade is also planning to donate 65 tonnes of food.

The list goes on. Selaković donated vaccines to Zambia (50,000 doses), Angola (50,000 doses) and Namibia (30,000 doses).

Serbian vaccine diplomacy also goes to Asia.

In a telephone interview with his Vietnamese counterpart Bui Thanh Son, Selaković pledged donations of vaccines to Vietnam. Serbia also plans to donate 50,000 doses of vaccine to Iran and 40,000 doses to Tunisia.

Belgrade has been generous, but there are other reasons at stake as well.

The first is the alpha and omega of Serbian foreign policy, Kosovo. The countries which have benefited from Serbian generosity are those which have not recognized the independence of Kosovo.

Last year, with the involvement of Donald Trump’s administration, Serbia and Kosovo reached an agreement whereby Kosovo agreed to freeze its campaign of attempted membership in international institutions. Serbia did the same with regard to its campaign for other countries to cancel Kosovo’s independence. This moratorium is coming to an end and Serbia expects Kosovo to resume its campaign for further reconnaissance, so Belgrade is moving forward.

Thanks to vaccine diplomacy, Serbia is trying to recover some of the markets it lost with the collapse of Yugoslavia. While Serbia does not have global economic clout, an industry always needs new customers. This industry is Serbia’s arms industry recovering from the trauma of the Yugoslav collapse.

Countries that received vaccine donations to Serbia were invited to visit Belgrade in October for the 60th anniversary of the first Conference of the Non-Aligned Movement held in Belgrade in 1961. Meanwhile, the Serbian ministry of Defense will organize Partner 2021, a defense industry exhibition in Belgrade. How convenient.

Bilateral ties can also be mended through vaccine diplomacy.

Under the influence of Donald Trump, Serbia agreed to designate Hezbollah, an Iranian proxy in Lebanon, as a terrorist organization. In April 2021, Selaković visited Tehran to make sure Iran does not recognize Kosovo.

Serbia very quickly broke ranks with the EU by sending an ambassador to Syria, another Iranian ally.

In the same vein, vaccine donations to both Iran and Lebanon, where Hezbollah is a major political player, are a way to ensure that their government does not recognize Kosovo and to compensate for the Hezbollah blacklist.

The crisis in Serbia’s relations with the West is playing a role. The EU is increasingly aware of the decline of the rule of law in Serbia under the leadership of Serbian President Aleksandar Vučić.

In response to Vučić’s grip on Serbian media, Twitter called several media outlets “affiliated with the state”, eliciting his angry reaction.

The Biden administration expects Serbia to recognize independent Kosovo, and it is increasingly concerned about Belgrade’s partnership with Moscow and Beijing. Through vaccine diplomacy, Belgrade is campaigning globally, defying the West by showing that it is not isolated and that it has friends in distant places.

Serbian domestic politics are also part of the equation.

Although the use of foreign policy for domestic purposes is not a Serbian patent, it has become a norm for the current Serbian government. By donating vaccines to developing countries, Serbian leaders are projecting the image of an internationally respected government to their constituents.

Indeed, commenting on Serbian vaccine donations to the developing world, Selaković said: “Seven years ago, Serbia was on the brink. Today, thanks to the responsible and visionary policies of President Aleksandar Vučić, this same Serbia is able to donate more than 200,000 vaccines to its friends. ”

The global vaccine diplomacy that Serbia has recently pursued may have been too ambitious an undertaking for a small country like Serbia.

How much will this earn in Belgrade? It remains to be seen. One thing is certain. The Serbian government is neither daring nor innovative in pursuing its interests.

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Is Moscow using the S-400 against Turkey? Fri, 03 Sep 2021 16:40:18 +0000

The military logic of Turkey’s highly controversial purchase of S-400 ballistic missile defense systems from Russia in 2017 continues to challenge many analysts.

The subject remains a major sticking point in Turkey’s strained relations with the United States and its European allies.

He also deprived Ankara of a strategic asset, such as the state-of-the-art F-35 fighter jets with which he hoped to bolster his air force. Turkey was kicked out of this program by the United States because of its multibillion dollar purchase of S-400.

It is still unclear where and when Ankara hopes to deploy the Russian systems and what any possible scenario for their end use will be.

Nonetheless, what many feared may now turn out to be true. Indications are emerging that Moscow could use the S-400 issue to put pressure on Turkey at a time when Ankara is trying to improve its ties with the West.

The announcement last week from Alexander Mikheyev – the head of Russia’s arms export agency Rosoboronexport – that the second batch of S-400s would soon be heading to Turkey caused a stir in Ankara.

Responding to questions from reporters at the Army Forum 2021 in Moscow, Mikheyev said the final touches were being made to an agreement regarding the sale.

He said the deal would be finalized shortly. “We’re working on it. And ‘soon’ means this year, of course.”

Clearly unhappy with the timing of this statement, Ankara’s response to Mikheyev has been chilling to say the least.

Sources close to the Turkish defense industry denied that such a deal would be reached in the coming months.

“It is a subject which can be discussed at any time, but we do not have such a demand at this stage,” a defense source told BBC Turkish.

The stake of the day, according to the same source, is Afghanistan and the close dialogue between Ankara and Washington on this subject.

“The Russian side declares its intention or tries to manipulate the cooperation we are engaged in with the United States,” the source said.

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan was also wary. He touched on the subject in general terms when interviewed by journalists on his return flight from a visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro.

“We are not hesitant about the second batch of S-400 from Russia or similar matters. We have taken many steps with Russia regarding the S-400 or other defense industry issues, ”Erdogan said.

However, he refrained from going into details and said nothing to indicate that an agreement for the delivery of more S-400s was in the works and would be concluded by the end of the year.

“At this point, Russia has nothing to lose when it comes to the S-400s. The sale was completed and the money received, ”said international relations professor Ilter Turan from Istanbul Bilgi University.

When asked by Al-Monitor, Turan hinted that Moscow was also satisfied with the political results of the sale.

“Whether Ankara makes these systems operational or not, this purchase has raised doubts about Turkey’s commitment to [NATO] and sowed the seeds of discord within the alliance, ”Turan said.

Analysts believe Erdogan is now caught between a rock and a hard place when it comes to Russia. His vision of establishing strategic ties with Moscow to replace Ankara’s seriously deteriorated ties with the West has turned out to be a pipe dream.

Ankara has notably discovered over the past three years that disputes with Moscow and Russia over issues such as Syria, Libya, the Caucasus and Ukraine are not only insurmountable but are also sources of potential tensions between the two. countries if they are not managed with care.

It was also a period in which Erdogan had to think more realistically about Ankara’s dependence on the West for a multitude of reasons, the most urgent of which was the deterioration of the Turkish economy. .

The S-400 problem also resulted in the imposition of US sanctions on Turkey under the Counting America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA).

Erdogan’s meeting with President Joe Biden on the sidelines of the recent NATO summit in Brussels also underscored his need to improve Turkey’s relations with the United States.

These links have seriously declined in recent years on a number of issues. Subject S-400 is just one of them.

Erdogan’s offer to Biden to help Washington emerge from its debacle in Afghanistan was also viewed in this light by seasoned diplomats.

Responding to persistent calls from Washington, especially Congress, for Turkey to change its stance on the S-400s, Erdogan nevertheless stressed before meeting with Biden that Turkey’s stance on this issue would not change.

Erdogan’s political position in his country has been weakened due to the mismanagement of his administration on many levels, so he cannot afford to be seen as backtracking on such a controversial issue.

He knows this would fuel the opposition’s claim that its foreign policy choices have been disastrous for Turkey.

Many argue that Erdogan found himself in a trap of his own accord with the S-400 issue by handing Russia a card it can use to try to influence Turkey’s decisions.

Moscow is closely monitoring Erdogan’s efforts to reach out to the West for economic support and assistance against a new influx of refugees, this time from Afghanistan.

“Making such a statement at a time when Turkey is trying to improve its relations with the United States could be an attempt to hinder this process,” Turan said, referring to the remarks of the CEO of Rosoboronexport.

The Russian side has also made it known through various channels that it is generally unhappy with Turkey’s positions on regional conflicts ranging from Syria and Libya to Ukraine and the Caucasus.

Amberin Zaman of Al-Monitor highlighted Moscow’s latest rebuke against Turkey regarding Ukraine and Crimea.

Turkey’s critical aid to Azerbaijan in the fight against Armenia’s Nagorno-Karabakh also ruffled the feathers in Moscow.

Russia is doubly sensitive to this issue because Turkey is providing the Ukrainian army with the same drones that it supplied to the Azeri armed forces with great efficiency.

The idea once much touted by Erdogan and his supporters that Turkey and Russia could forge strong ties with the goal of jointly opposing the West has turned out to be the mistake it always has been.

Realizing this at a time when it faces serious problems on all sides, Ankara is trying to regain its place in the Western alliance.

The need for Turkish support – especially in Afghanistan now – also ensures that the United States and Europe are keen to continue to cooperate with Turkey on a host of practical matters.

Foreign policy analyst Barcin Yinanc noted that in recent conversations with European leaders, Erdogan reiterated Ankara’s desire to join the “Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO)” program related to security and defense policy. of the European Union.

“Turkey’s desire to join [PESCO] shows that if he wants to prevent NATO from losing its forces, it does not want to be excluded either [Western] structures other than NATO, ”Yinanc wrote in his column for the T24 news portal.

Turan recalled that Turkey had actively participated in recent NATO exercises and had posed no problems for NATO ships using the Montreux Treaty to access the Black Sea for military maneuvers.

“Turkey is taking steps to balance the ties it is developing with Russia. Turkey and Russia continue to cooperate but at the same time they try to counterbalance each other’s strength, ”Turan said.

Turan added, however, that Turkey also did not want to close the door on Russia on matters such as the purchase of more S-400s “because it is not known how relations with the West will develop”.

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Accurately interpret Turkish foreign policy Tue, 31 Aug 2021 21:05:00 +0000

Those people who put on their ideological glasses before watching Turkey’s foreign policy cannot interpret new developments with precision.

Sometimes, under the influence of Western media opposition to Turkey’s use of hard power, they use labels such as “adventurism”, “Islamism” and “neo-Ottomanism”. Other times, intimidated by Turkey’s active demarches in places like Libya and Nagorno-Karabakh, they ask “what business” the country has there. Finally, they accuse the Turkish government of being a “subcontractor of the imperialists”.

Turkey’s attempts to normalize relations with Egypt, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Saudi Arabia, in turn, were quickly described as a “turnaround.” Needless to say, the chairman of the main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP), Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu, has made the most romantic statements to date.

Kılıçdaroğlu claims that, if elected, he will dismiss all asylum seekers with a big party. He also promises to restore peace to the Middle East, instantly, by reaching out to regional powers and Turkey’s neighbors. These statements are not only targeting the government. They also create bigger problems, including losing sight of the emerging balance of power in the world and failing to notice the changing realities of Turkey’s neighborhood. They also prevent the opposition from making sense of Turkey’s multidirectional foreign policy, which operates on multiple platforms, and grasping the reasons for policy changes.

In truth, Turkey has become a global player in recent years. In places where the country uses hard power, Turkey’s activities consolidate its defense industry and trade relations. At the same time, instruments of soft power – including the Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TIKA), the Presidency for Turks Abroad and Related Communities (YTB), the Turkish Radio and Television Company (TRT) and the Maarif Foundation – serve to create a permanent foundation for bilateral relations. In this sense, the investments of the business world are also combined with the foreign policy initiatives of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

These countries must be visited to fully appreciate the value and dynamism of this synergy. Interestingly, however, the opposition, which has completely isolated itself within Turkey’s borders, is not able (or does not readily appreciate) these developments. Indeed, the inhabitants of Turkey’s neighborhood more often realize its new active role than national actors.

Western unrealism

For the record, Turkey’s current role is quite genuine – unlike unrealistic Western media references to the “Turkish model” around 2011. When it comes to democracy, political stability, economic interests and competition, the new country’s role reflects realistic experience. Despite the turbulence and tensions, this new role emerges from Turkey’s growing capacity and Erdoğan’s diplomatic experience and hard work.

I personally witnessed this reality during Erdoğan’s last trips to Bosnia-Herzegovina and Montenegro. The other obvious example is the Bayraktar Akıncı, an unmanned aerial combat vehicle (UCAV).

The Turkish president was monitoring developments in Afghanistan as he paid a visit to the Balkans which contributed to regional stability. It’s no secret that the Balkans and Central Asia have long been Turkey’s top foreign policy priorities. In both regions, the country stands out for promoting stability, negotiation, making investments and inspiring confidence.

The territorial integrity of Bosnia and Herzegovina rests on the fragile complexity of the Dayton accords. Its sustainability depends on Russia, the European Union and Turkey, the main heavyweights in the geopolitics of the Balkans. In this regard, Turkey is taking advantage of its strong presence in this region to pursue closer relations with Serbia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Turkey is also implementing various projects to promote cooperation, such as the Sarajevo-Belgrade highway, to prevent a return to the bloodshed of the 1990s. The fact that the Bosnian Serb and Croat leaders also recognized the role Turkey’s “guarantor of peace and stability” – a role Erdoğan is ready to play – underscores the country’s success.

Akıncı’s role

At the same time, Akıncı, which was developed by Baykar Defense, has just been accepted into the inventory of the Turkish Armed Forces (TSK). This new equipment will further improve Turkey’s efficiency in asymmetric operations. Capable of carrying up to 1,350 kilograms (2,976 pounds) of ammunition, Akıncı will take Turkey’s fight against terrorism to the next level. After all, it will be able to carry heavy bombs, hitherto reserved for warplanes.

President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (center) and Baykar officials and employees celebrate the arrival of Akıncı drones in the inventory of Turkish security forces in Tekirdağ province in northwestern Turkey on 29 August 2021. (Photo AA)

Using this new drone, Turkey will easily eliminate threats in places where terrorists take shelter, such as caves. At the same time, Akıncı will play an important role in ground offensives, thus extending the life of Turkey’s predator fleet. As such, the country will fully integrate drones into its conventional defense doctrine to increase its level of military activity.

With the addition of Akıncı, Turkey has become one of the three countries in this particular sector. The country now aims to become a world leader in this field.

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Chlorine (CL) 2021 Global Market Outlook to 2030 with Estimated COVID-19 Impact Fri, 27 Aug 2021 10:26:00 +0000

DUBLIN, August 27, 2021– (BUSINESS WIRE) – The report “Chlorine (CL): 2021 World Market Outlook up to 2030 (with COVID-19 Impact Estimate)” has been added to offer.

The report is an essential resource for those seeking in-depth information on the Global Chlorine Market. The report covers global, regional and country market data including current and future trends in supply and demand, prices and downstream industries.

In addition to the analytical part, the report provides a series of tables and figures which together give a real overview of the national, regional and global chlorine markets.

Scope of the report

  • The report covers global, regional and country-level chlorine markets

  • It describes the current situation, the historical context and the forecasts

  • Comprehensive data showing capacities, production, consumption, trade statistics and prices of chlorine in recent years are provided (at global, regional and country level)

  • Report shows a wealth of information on chlorine manufacturers and distributors

  • The regional market overview covers the following: Chlorine production in a region / country, consumption trends, price data, recent year trade and manufacturers

  • Chlorine market forecast for the next ten years including market volumes and prices are also provided.

Reasons to buy

  • Your knowledge of the chlorine market will expand

  • The analysis of the chlorine market along with the detailed knowledge of global and regional factors impacting the industry will enable you to take a step further in the management of your business environment.

  • You will boost your business / business activities by gaining insight into the chlorine market

  • Your search for potential partners and suppliers will be greatly facilitated

  • Chlorine Market Forecasts Will Strengthen Your Decision Making Process

Impacts of COVID-19

  • The report presents the impact of the continuing COVID-19 pandemic on the market

  • The market situation is constantly monitored, the latest developments are followed and hence the most recent data should be provided in the report.

  • Importantly, the report presents possible scenarios for the development of the market

Main topics covered:




3.1. Global chlorine capacity

  • Capacity broken down by region

  • Capacity divided by country

  • Manufacturers and their capacity by plant

3.2. Global production of chlorine

  • Overall output dynamics

  • Production by region

  • Production by country

3.3. Chlorine consumption

  • World consumption

  • Consumer trends in Europe

  • Consumer trends in Asia-Pacific

  • Consumer Trends in North America

3.4. Global chlorine trade

3.5. Chlorine price


Each country section consists of the following parts:

  • Total installed capacity in the country

  • Production in the country

  • Manufacturers in the country

  • Consumption of in the country

  • Export and import into the country

  • Price in the country

4.1. Analysis of the European chlorine market

Countries covered:

  • Austria

  • Belgium

  • Bosnia and herzegovina

  • Bulgaria

  • Czech Republic

  • Finland

  • France

  • Germany

  • Greece

  • Hungary

  • Ireland

  • Italy

  • Netherlands

  • Norway

  • Poland

  • Portugal

  • Romania

  • Russia

  • Slovakia

  • Slovenia

  • Spain

  • Sweden

  • Switzerland

  • Ukraine

  • UK

4.2. Asia-Pacific Chlorine Market Analysis

Country included:

  • Australia

  • Azerbaijan

  • Bangladesh

  • China

  • India

  • Indonesia

  • Japan

  • Malaysia

  • Pakistan

  • Philippines

  • Singapore

  • South Korea

  • Taiwan

  • Tajikistan

  • Thailand

  • Uzbekistan

  • Vietnam

4.3. North America Chlorine Market Analysis

Countries considered:

4.4. Analysis of the chlorine market in Latin America

Countries examined:

  • Argentina

  • Brazil

  • Chile

  • Colombia

  • Ecuador

  • Guatemala

  • Mexico

  • Peru

  • Trinity

  • Uruguay

  • Venezuela

4.5. Analysis of the chlorine market in Africa and the Middle East

Countries examined:

  • Algeria

  • Egypt

  • Iran

  • Iraq

  • Jordan

  • Kuwait

  • Libya

  • Morocco

  • Oman

  • Qatar

  • Saudi Arabia

  • South Africa

  • Tanzania

  • Tunisia

  • Turkey

  • United Arab Emirates


5.1. Chlorine capacity and production planned until 2030

5.2. Chlorine consumption forecast until 2030

  • Global Consumption Forecast

  • Consumption forecasts in Europe

  • Asia-Pacific Consumption Forecast

  • North America Consumption Forecast

5.3. Chlorine market price forecast to 2030



7.1. Consumption by application

7.2. Review and forecast of downstream markets

For more information on this report, visit

See the source version on

Laura Wood, Senior Press Director
For EST office hours, call 1-917-300-0470
For USA / CAN call toll free 1-800-526-8630
For GMT office hours, call + 353-1-416-8900

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What a truly humanitarian response would look like in Afghanistan Tue, 24 Aug 2021 16:51:54 +0000

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As we reflect on what happened in Afghanistan with the return of the Taliban to power, we have a vital opportunity for a more genuine and cohesive humanitarian response. To this end, we must engage in critical analysis and questions.

One might ask why the Afghan government did not have enough support from its people? How do you create the conditions and momentum for such trust, consideration and inclusion? Why is this a persistent problem long before the withdrawal of American troops?

President Biden has done a very courageous act by dramatically reducing the role of the US military and committing to withdraw militarily into a large-scale international conflict, even after 20 years of US military efforts in Afghanistan. He should be applauded for distancing himself from the interests of the US arms industry, mainstream media and foreign policy thinkers as well as other voices of government.

Previous cover
  • As the American Empire declines, what openings exist for progressive movements?
  • Some in the establishment media and their pundits have argued that we should have kept or should return the US military to Afghanistan and continue to use Air Force bombing support. They sent about 6,000 troops to help US diplomats and civilians and others to evacuate. Others called for a “humanitarian intervention” from other military soldiers – perhaps from Muslim countries – in the form of an armed UN peacekeeping force. Curiously, Libya in 2011 and the Dayton Accords in the mid-1990s are cited as successful examples of such a strategy.

    When nonviolent resistance was prevalent in Libya, key people defected, such as cabinet members, ambassadors and military pilots. However, when the armed “humanitarian intervention” kicked in, the assassination of Gaddafi only generated predictable patterns of domination, destruction and violence in its wake – with war crimes, torture, violence spreading in Mali, the entry into conflict of ISIS, an ongoing civil war, militias ending, two government structures and continuing instability.

    With the Dayton Accords, the agreed plan was quite similar to the Vance-Owen plan that the United States had blocked three years earlier. More importantly, much of the hostility persisted after the Dayton accords and soon after Serbia engaged in more horrific violence with Kosovo. Ultimately, a student-led nonviolent movement called Otpor led the campaign that toppled Milosevic from power in Serbia.

    Another major concern about armed intervention, even by “peacekeepers”, is that there are alarming rates of sexual abuse and rape of civilians that these armed United Nations peacekeepers are supposed to protect. Sex trafficking, pedophile rings and the increase in local prostitution by UN peacekeepers have also been documented. Such allegations of sexual assault have been made in the Central African Republic, Haiti, Mali, Democratic Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Bosnia, Cambodia, Timor Eastern, Bosnia and Kosovo. The additional problem of inadequate accountability of UN peacekeepers only exacerbates this habit and functions as yet another example of the normalization of dominating power and the threat and use of violence.

    What would a genuine and coherent “humanitarian” response look like? On the one hand, this is complex and there is no guarantee of significant short-term changes in a positive direction. On the flip side, President Biden and others have already taken some simple steps or could try to better re-humanize this situation.

    1. Diplomacy rooted in needs. Ongoing diplomatic efforts must be urgent, coherent and continuous to try to generate credible messengers at the diplomatic level who can influence key stakeholders such as the Taliban, other actors in the Afghan government, and civil society leaders. It is important for any effective diplomacy to go beyond stated or assumed “interests” and really try to decipher the deeper needs that stakeholders are trying to satisfy through their strategies. Then they must develop fair peace proposals and agreements based on those needs as much as possible.

    2. Robust evacuation. There must be escape routes for those who wish, not just its “nationals” or those who have helped our policies or those who have the resources. We have the resources, the planes, the helicopters and the intelligence to prevent a lot of suffering and save lives with this line of effort. This is where a commitment to human dignity and human rights must be clearly reflected in relation to narrow visions of national interests.

    There has been some unarmed civilian protection training in Afghanistan, but increased support would be a critical contribution at this point.

    3. Credible messengers. It is essential to identify and mobilize credible messengers at the local level in Afghanistan. These can be important for diplomacy, dialogue, peacebuilding, non-violent strategic resistance and the protection of unarmed civilians. There are normally people in every province and community who have relationships with various stakeholders, either through being literally linked or through other types of interactions or shared activities that have taken place. Sometimes they are business leaders, religious leaders, elders, tribal leaders, charismatic figures, educators, social workers, athletes, retired soldiers or defectors. The strategy of empowering, connecting and funding influencers in local communities has been shown to be effective in mitigating violence and can create the conditions for broader collaborative action. It also helps tackle critical root causes, such as lack of trust and inclusion.

    4. Strategic nonviolent resistance. One form of such collaborative action would be training and support for strategic nonviolent resistance. This has happened to some extent and there are leaders on the ground who are interested in such mobilization, such as the People’s Peace Movement as well as the Afghanistan Peace Research and Training Organization. The Popular Movement for Peace is a grassroots movement of civil society activists, relatives of war victims and former tribals. The Peace Research and Training Organization provides training in peacebuilding and good governance. They conduct research for government organizations, NGOs and local bodies, in order to inform policy and provide a better understanding of relevant issues.

    Yet resources and support have not been adequate. It is not about training people to protest in the streets per se, but about identifying concrete achievable goals, key sources of power, institutional pillars of support, potential allies and contingency plans. a very strategic way. For example, some concrete goals might include securing local ceasefires, maintaining electricity, opening schools for girls, and freeing hostages.

    We have seen such activity work in very violent situations and even during ruthless dictatorships to globally reduce patterns of violence and respond to grievances. There were prominent examples even during ISIS control in Iraq. In fact, research has shown that nonviolent resistance movements are twice as effective as violent resistance, and at least 10 times more likely to lead to lasting democracy. Sometimes such nonviolent resistance can manifest itself in nonviolent civil defense strategies.

    5. Protection and support for unarmed civilians. Another form of nonviolent collaborative action is the deployment of unarmed civil protection, which can work to protect those at risk such as civilians, women and girls, those seeking to be evacuated, and journalists. They use a variety of methods such as early warning / early response, rumor control, relationship building, coaching and interposition. This practice has also proven successful in war zones such as South Sudan, Colombia and Iraq. It has also gained ground in United Nations policies and agencies. There has been some training in this area in Afghanistan by groups like the DC Peace Team, and more support as well as training would be a critical contribution at this time. These units, especially with credible messengers, could work to provide some security for people who evacuate, try to stay in certain places, or try to negotiate with various stakeholders.

    The approaches cited above are not meant to be an exhaustive list; they are simply crucial steps in a larger just peace process. Even if each of them is executed, suffering and even death can still occur. Yet they will go a long way to alleviating such violence, not only in the short term but, above all, in the longer term. Ultimately, a coalition of credible messengers in Afghanistan will need to identify the types of people who are trusted by the people to rule.

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    Charismatic and imposing Chief of Staff RAF Marshal Sir Peter Harding overthrown after tabloid article – obituary Sun, 22 Aug 2021 11:30:00 +0000

    With the majority of the RAF’s operational capabilities under his command, he pursued a “people first” policy, with a busy schedule of visits when he was able to meet those under his command, and those under his command to meet and meet him. talk to him. He has also flown the wide variety of aircraft in use, in order to keep abreast of tactics and capabilities and to gain a better understanding of the pressures on crews flying fighter jets.

    In November 1988, he took up his post as Chief of the Air Force (CAS). He traveled extensively, both in RAF units and in the foreign air force, where he took every opportunity to promote the Royal Air Force and the British aviation industry. He was widely admired for his presence, charisma, confidence, intelligence, and easy social manners. He could easily attract the attention of a speaking amphitheater without notes.

    Harding was also able to demonstrate his abilities as a pilot, and he accepted numerous invitations to fly foreign air force host aircraft. On one occasion, flying in the seat of the first pilot of a Soviet fighter Sukhoi 27, he exclaimed: “All bloody instruments are metric! Nevertheless, he still managed to make a very accomplished outing.

    Two years after Harding’s tenure as CAS began, Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait and during the following months the RAF’s involvement in the region and the Gulf War that followed occupied much of his time.

    With the appointment of Air Chief Marshal Sir Patrick Hine, Commander-in-Chief of Strike Command, as joint commander of all British forces deployed in the Gulf, Harding’s primary role in the Ministry of Defense was to advise ministers and other department heads on air aspects of the campaign. He was particularly aware of the role of the media and their influence on the morale of families. Within the RAF, he created a special cell to keep families informed and he visited all the stations that had crews on duty in the Gulf. With the invaluable help of his wife Sheila, who accompanied him on his visits and had private talks with his wives and partners, he was able to identify concerns and problems and reassure them.

    Harding was particularly upset at having to, along with his fellow chiefs, conduct a study for then Secretary of State for Defense, Tom King, to identify cost savings and unit dismantling. He found it particularly distasteful that one of the Tornado squadrons flying during the war had been identified to be disbanded while still engaged in theater.

    On January 1, 1993, Harding was appointed Chief of the Defense Staff, while being promoted to Marshal of the Royal Air Force. During his 16 months in office, he identified Northern Ireland, the conflict in the former Yugoslavia and another exercise in deep cuts to the defense budget as the main concerns he faced.

    Most activities in Northern Ireland were under the responsibility of the Army Chief of Staff, but Harding found himself increasingly involved in the early period of discussions to find a peaceful solution.

    After a whirlwind visit to Bosnia, he recognized the complexity of the situation in the former Yugoslavia. Contingency plans for actions on the ground and in the air had to be drawn up, which were both militarily and politically complex. He had to advocate firmly for the right levels of force and equipment, often in the face of political opposition from these ministers with different programs.

    The third issue that exercised him was the specter of yet another cutting exercise, which he later described as “more nonsense, this time disguised as civilization as much as possible of our defensive capacity.” He was not opposed to the ceding of certain areas of support to civilian contractors, but he fought hard to maintain basic command structures with appropriate service personnel.

    On March 13, 1994, Harding and then Secretary of State for Defense Malcolm Rifkind were alerted that The News of the World was going to publish details of an affair Harding had conducted with Lady (Bienvenida ) Buck, the young wife of former Tory MP Sir Anthony Buck.

    In a deal crafted by later disgraced publicist Max Clifford, who had obtained private letters, Lady Buck invited Harding to lunch at the Dorchester where an undercover reporter was at an adjacent table to tape their conversation. Upon his departure, Harding and Lady Buck exchanged a kiss, which was captured by a photographer on the prowl.

    When the news broke, Harding immediately offered his resignation. In a letter to him, Rifkind paid tribute to his “many years of dedicated service”, and regretted that “we no longer benefit from your guidance and judgment”. Other senior politicians saw no reason why he should have resigned, although there had been a suspicion that during the affair he might have discussed military matters.

    Harding’s departure created deep divisions among some of the RAF’s longest serving and retired officers, who believed he had done great damage to the service. Having resigned, his name was taken off the Air Force roster – but he was later reinstated. Harding scorned the spotlight and led a quiet life, but the way he handled the situation and his position garnered considerable respect among his peers.

    Peter Harding has been appointed CB (1980), KCB (1983), GCB (1988) and Commander of the Legion of Merit (USA) (1992). He received an Honorary Doctorate of Science (Cranfield University), was elected Companion and Fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society and Liveryman of the Honorable Company of Air Pilots.

    After leaving the RAF, he became vice president of GEC-Marconi Ltd and was president of some international companies abroad. He was a board member of the Winston Churchill Memorial Trust.

    Tall, handsome, easy-going and articulate, Harding was also an exceptional pianist, especially in modern jazz, and an avid bird watcher – his binoculars and field guides accompanied him on all of his many tours.

    Sir Peter Harding married, in 1955, Sheila May, who survives him with two of their three sons and a daughter.

    Sir Peter Harding, born December 2, 1933, died August 19, 2021

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    Bosnian director Aida Begic finally leaves the war in “A Ballad” Mon, 16 Aug 2021 12:19:33 +0000

    Currently seeking funding and partners to complete post-production, Aida Begić’s fourth feature film “A Ballad” is set to bow out in the CineLink Work in Progress section of the Sarajevo Film Festival after winning the award. Eurimages for the development of the co-production during the event in 2015. Produced by Adis Đapo and François D’Artemare – respectively for Film House Sarajevo and Les Films de l’Après Midi in France – it will mark an important departure for the Bosnian director , used to tackling serious social problems in her work.

    “My first three films were about the consequences of war and now I’ve decided to talk about something else. I was tired, ”says the director, whose first feature“ Snow ”won the Critics’ Week Grand Prize at Cannes and whose second feature,“ The Children of Sarajevo ”, received the Special Distinction of the Jury at Cannes Un Certain Regard. line up.

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    “If I have a hard time watching one serious movie after another, how can I wait, say, for my aunt to go to the movies and really enjoy it?” In Bosnia, we basically force people to look at their own lives on the screen. But this film is funny and light, and I’m so proud of it, “she adds.

    Her protagonist, Meri, returns to her childhood home after her marriage to Hasan goes sour. Living with her outspoken mother is not easy, but Meri finds a way out: she decides to audition for a role in a film that will be shot in her neighborhood.

    “She’s not your typical heroine,” Begić says. “I was trying to show a woman who isn’t really strong – she’s confused. But when you find yourself in trouble, it doesn’t matter if you can’t deal with things right away, or if you’re still in love with a man who doesn’t want to live with you anymore. It’s good to feel lost. These characters also deserve our attention, even though Meri ultimately finds her freedom in art.

    Admitting that another twist awaits his viewers, Begić also drew inspiration from traditional Bosnian folk ballads. Especially “Hasanaginica”, created in the 17th century and recounting the tragedy of a victimized woman, driven from her home by her husband then forced to remarry, finally dying of grief, unable to find her children.

    “This is not a direct reference, but I needed to deconstruct this myth that a woman’s greatest achievement is to suffer and die with dignity. Why is he so valued, when we see so many fighters in our everyday life? I tried to place him in a contemporary context and this time, it is the mother who offers him to remarry. Many women share this patriarchal mindset. They are the ones who sometimes preserve it.

    The question of what it means to be released, as a woman but also as a filmmaker, is something Begić also asked himself. Determined to look for new solutions this time around and to play with the expectations of the industry.

    “I felt so trapped, going to all these festivals and markets, realizing that I’m not really free. In our industry, people don’t know the recipe, but they act the way they do. I didn’t want to listen to anyone when I was doing ‘A Ballad’. That’s why it’s a very independent, low-budget movie, ”she says, describing the pandemic shooting as something that brought her and her team“ a whole new level of joy ” .

    “I really needed that kind of experience. If you look at the European arthouse scene, we’re still fighting what we call “American” solutions, so God forbid, there’s a flashback or a happy ending. But then we start to repeat ourselves too, ”she said.

    “I wanted to explore my character’s freedom and my own freedom as a director, and of course I use flashbacks and all that ‘blasphemous’ elements of cinematic language that we’re so afraid of. All these questions that I have been asking myself for so long? They are now part of the film.

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    EU considers new restrictions on US tourists Sun, 08 Aug 2021 13:20:51 +0000

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    A few weeks after the EU and UK opened up to US-based travelers, Bloomberg reports that the EU is considering reimpose restrictions on U.S. travelers in a movement that will anger the travel industry.

    One of the main criteria for being on the Safe People List is a country with less than 75 cases of COVID-19 per 100,000 population. However, the United States currently has just under 270 cases of COVID-19 per 100,000 people. Obviously, that puts him well above the threshold.

    view over paris towards the eiffel tower

    The EU has put various nations on his green list, and these nations include Albania, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Lebanon, Montenegro, New Zealand , Qatar, Republic of Moldova, Republic of North Macedonia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Singapore, South Korea, Ukraine and United States

    The EU has asked the US to allow travel from Europe, but nothing has happened. A spokesperson for the Slovenian Presidency said: “Many representatives of EU member states and the EU have spoken to our American counterparts about plans to reopen the country to visitors from EU countries, in particular after Europe’s decision to allow US citizens to travel. “

    EU President Ursula von der Leyen has would have demanded that the United States end the ban. She claimed that the EU and the United States have the same conditions in terms of COVID-19, and it makes no sense to maintain the ban.

    Nonetheless, the United States is apparently developing a plan whereby international travelers can enter the country if they are fully vaccinated. This comes after almost 18 months of banning all non-essential international travel within the country.


    Bloomberg reports that the restrictions would mean that only fully vaccinated travelers can enter the EU. The restrictions would only affect non-essential travel and would not prevent vaccinated US travelers from entering Europe.

    It is important to clarify that the UK is no longer a member of the EU and therefore these restrictions would not apply to US travelers entering the UK.


    Current restrictions on U.S. travelers

    While the travel industry expects these restrictions to apply only to unvaccinated U.S. travelers, here are some of the current restrictions on American travelers to Europe

    • Spain – American travelers can visit Spain from June 24, regardless of their vaccination status. Travelers will need to bring a pre-arrival form with a QR code. There are COVID-19 restrictions in some parts of the country, but restaurants, bars and most attractions remain open.
    • Germany – American travelers can enter Germany if they have any of the following: proof of vaccination, proof of recovery from COVID-19, and a negative COVID-19 test. The test must be a PCR test and passed within 72 hours of landing in Germany.
    • Greece – Greece is open to American tourists, but tourists must provide proof of a full vaccination or negative PCR test. Curfews are in place between 1:30 a.m. and 5 a.m., but most attractions and restaurants are open.
    • Ireland – Ireland opened its doors to American travelers on July 19, regardless of their vaccination status. However, those with full proof of vaccination may skip testing and quarantine requirements. Unvaccinated travelers will need to provide proof of a negative PCR test and quarantine for 14 days after arrival.
    • France – France is open to both vaccinated and unvaccinated American travelers. However, unvaccinated travelers will need to provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test before arrival.
    Northern Light, Aurora borealis at Kirkjufell in Iceland.

    If the EU imposes compulsory vaccination on American travelers, that shouldn’t change too much. Many countries require proof of vaccination anyway. In addition, some countries continue to introduce vaccine passports within the country.

    Read more:

    Countries with exceptions for vaccinated travelers

    List of countries from A to Z open to American travelers

    Carnival Cruise Line adopts new mask policies

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    Disclaimer: Current Travel Rules and Restrictions may change without notice. The decision to travel is ultimately your responsibility. Contact your consulate and / or local authorities to confirm entry of your nationality and / or any change in travel conditions before traveling. Travel Off Path does not approve travel against government advice

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    Last day of Exxaro Tiles Limited’s IPO: issue subscribed 22.57 times, best interest of retail investors subscribed 39.88 times Fri, 06 Aug 2021 17:26:28 +0000

    Gujarat-based Exxaro Tiles Limited, one of the leading vitrified tile manufacturers in India with one of the highest operating profit margins in the organized ceramics industry, has received offers of 25 84 73 750 shares against the 1,1450,675 shares offered, according to 5:00 pm data available on the stock exchanges.

    The portion reserved for individuals was subscribed 39.88 times. While the Qualified Institutional Buyer category was subscribed 17.67 times, the Non-Institutional Investor category was subscribed 5.36 times and the Employees Only category was subscribed 2.53 times.

    The initial public offering consisted of a new issue of a maximum of 111,86,000 shares and a sale offer of a maximum of 2,238,000 shares by the selling shareholders.

    Key brokerages like Arihant Capital, SMC Global, Canara Bank Securities, HEM Securities have recommended “subscribing” to the issue for a long-term perspective.

    The Indian ceramics industry has grown exponentially over the past two years as the industry changes speed, including the continuous shift from unorganized to organized organization, shifting of product focus with a growing share of Glazed Vitrified Tile (GVT) and Polished Vitrified Tile (PGVT), growing global penetration of large slabs, implementation of best-in-class technology and innovation to manufacture products suitable for global markets. Transformational changes like GST, RERA, eway invoice and others have paved the way for the industry to move from an unorganized to an organization. This is of considerable importance as the industry has been dominated by an unorganized segment.

    Pantomath Capital Advisors Private Limited is the designated lead manager of the Offer.

    Company Info

    Promoted by Mukeshkumar Patel, Dineshbhai Patel, Rameshbhai Patel and Kirankumar Patel, Exxaro Tiles started as a partnership company in 2007-2008 with the frit manufacturer and then branched out and is now mainly engaged in manufacturing and marketing of vitrified tiles used primarily for flooring solutions for the residential and commercial segments. It currently has a network of over 2,000 resellers in 27 states. The Company operates two state-of-the-art manufacturing facilities located in Padra and Talod, Gujarat, respectively. The company is present in PAN India (27 states based on sales made in FY2020) and also has a global presence in more than 13 countries, including Poland, United Arab Emirates, Italy and Bosnia.

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