Bosnia Economy – FK Leotar Fri, 11 Jun 2021 14:19:34 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Bosnia Economy – FK Leotar 32 32 Revisiting the Bosnian War – Modern Diplomacy Fri, 11 Jun 2021 11:03:19 +0000

Genocide is not a foreign concept in today’s world. However, while the reality (and the culprit) is not difficult to outline today, history is strewn with massacres that have been draped and hidden from the world beyond. Genocides that rivaled great wars and were so horrific that the ring of brutality still beats in the historical narrative of humanity. We go back to one of those genocides that was called the most brutal mass slaughter after WWII. We revisit the Bosnian War (1992-95) which resulted in the deaths of approximately 100,000 innocent Bosnian citizens and displaced millions of people. The wild nature of the war was such that the war crimes committed constituted a whole new definition of how we describe genocide.

The historical backdrop helps us assess the complex relationships and motivations that resulted in such a chaotic war to follow suit. After World War II, the then People’s Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina joined the Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia. Bosnia and Herzegovina became one of the constituent republics of Yugoslavia in 1946 along with other Balkan states including Croatia, Slovenia, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. As communism invaded all of Yugoslavia, Bosnia and Herzegovina began to lose its religious and cultural identity. Since Bosnia and Herzegovina is mainly composed of a Muslim population, later known as the Bosnians, the spread of socialism led to the abolition of many Muslim institutions and traditions. And while the transition to the reformed Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1963 eased ethnic pressure, the underlying ideology and radical sentiments never completely subsided.

Bosnians began to emerge as the majority population of Bosnia and by 1971 Bosnians formed the largest component of the entire population of Bosnia and Herzegovina. However, the trend of emigration accelerated later in the decades; Serbs and Croats were added to their tally for most of the 1970s and mid 1980s. The Bosnian population was characterized as a tripartite society, that is, made up of three main ethnic groups: Bosnians , Serbs and Croats. Until 1991, the ethnic majority of Bosnians was strongly diluted to only 44% while Serb emigrants concentrated Serbian influence; representing 31% of the total Bosnian population.

While on one side, Bosnia and Herzegovina was inundated with Serbs seeking to impose themselves, the Yugoslav economy was constantly perishing on the other side. While signs of instability were apparent in the early 1980s, the decade was not enough to revive the economy. By the end of the 1980s, therefore, political discontent began to take hold and multiple nationalist parties began to establish camps. Sentiments spread throughout Yugoslavia and the nationalists sensed an imminent partition. Bosnia and Herzegovina, like Croatia, carried out elections in 1990 which resulted in an expected tripartite ballot roughly similar to the demographics of Bosnia. Representatives resorted to forming a coalition government comprising Bosnian-Serbian-Craotian regimes sharing the towers as prime minister. As the ethnic majority of Bosnians profited from the first blow at the office, tensions quickly erupted around Bosnia and Herzegovina as the Serbs grew increasingly hostile.

Lava erupted in 1991 when Bosnia’s coalition government withered and the Serbian Democratic Party established its separate assembly in Bosnia known as the “Serbian National Assembly”. This decision was in keeping with a growing sense of independence which was preparing the breakup of Yugoslavia. The Serbian Democratic Party had long envisioned a dominant Serbian state in the Balkans and was not prepared to participate in a rotating government when fighting broke out in neighboring states. When Croatia began to witness the violence and the rise of rebels in 1992, the separatist vision of the Serbs was further strengthened when the Serbian Democratic Party, under the leadership of Serbian leader Radovan Karadžić, established an autonomous government in predominantly Serbian regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina. .

Vision and actions remained docile until the Ring of Independence reverberated throughout the region. When the European Commission (EC), now known as the European Union (EU) and the United States recognized the independence of Croatia and Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina found itself in a precarious situation. While a safe bet would have been to initiate talks and diplomatic channels to engage the Serbian Democratic Party, Bosnian President Alija Izetbegović failed to realize early warnings of an uprising. Instead of forging negotiations with the Bosnian Serbs, the Bosnian President resorted to Croatia’s image by organizing an independence referendum supported by both the EC and the United States. Even as the referendum was blocked in the Bosnian Serb Autonomous Regions, Izetbegović chose to pass and announced the results. As soon as Bosnia’s independence from Yugoslavia was announced and recognized, fighting broke out across Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The Bosnian Serbs feared that their long-standing plan to establish a “Greater Serbia” in the Balkans could be buried, resulting in chaos across much of Bosnia. The blame for the decision, however, has been placed largely on the Bosnian president and, by extension, on the entire ethnic majority of Bosnians. The Bosnian Serbs have started to launch attacks in eastern Bosnia; mainly targeting Bosnian-dominated towns such as Foča, Višegrad and Zvornik. Soon, Bosnian Serb forces were joined by local paramilitary rebels as well as the Yugoslav army as the attacks ravaged towns with large Bosnian populations; swathing the earth in the process. Towns were looted and controlled while local Bosnians and their Croatian counterparts were either displaced, imprisoned or massacred.

While the fragile Bosnian government managed to join forces with Croatian forces across the border, the resulting offense was not enough as the combination of Serbian forces, rebel groups and the military Yugoslavia has taken control of almost two-thirds of Bosnian territory. The Karadžić regime refused to hand over the land captured in the rounds of negotiations. And as the war stagnated, Bosnian residents left in small pockets of war-torn areas were hit hard in the name of revenge and ethnic cleansing.

As the Bosnians and Croats formed a joint federation as a last resort, the Serbian Democratic Party established the Srpska Republic in the captured East, and the military units were placed under the command of the Bosnian Serb general, Ratko Mladic. The notorious general, known as ‘Bosnian Butcher’, has committed horrific war crimes, including the massacre of Bosnian residents captured in violence, the rape of Bosnian women and the violation of minors in the name of ethnic cleansing exercises. While the United Nations refused to intervene in the war, the plea of ​​the helpless Bosnians forced the United Nations to at least provide humanitarian aid to the oppressed. The most horrific of all incidents took place in July 1995, when a UN declared safe area known as Srebrenica was penetrated by forces led by Mladic while innocent Bosnians took refuge . The forces brutally slaughtered the men while raping the women and children. It is estimated that 7,000 to 8,000 Bosnian men were slaughtered in the most grotesque campaign of ethnic cleansing aimed at wiping all traces of Bosniaks from Serb-controlled territory.

In the aftermath of the barbaric war crimes, NATO launched airstrikes to target Bosnian Serb targets while the Bosnian Croat offensive was launched from the ground. At the end of 1995, Bosnian Serb forces recognized their defeat and agreed to talks brokered by the United States. The chords, also known as “Dayton Accords”, resulted in the conclusion of the Bosnian War as international forces were established in the area to enforce the law. The newly negotiated federalized Bosnia and Herzegovina represented 51% of the Bosnian-Croat Federation and 49% of the Serbian Republic.

The deal, however, was not the end of the unfortunate story as trials and international action were quickly followed to investigate crimes against humanity committed during the three-year war. While many Serbian leaders died in prison or committed suicide, the perpetrator of the Srebrenica massacre, Ratko Mladic, went into hiding in 2001. However, Mladic was arrested after a decade in 2011 by Serbian authorities and went into hiding in 2001. been tried by the UN. International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia (ICTY). The investigation re-examined the malevolent actions of the former general and in 2017 the ICTY convicted Ratko Mladic of genocide and war crimes and sentenced him to life in prison. While Mladic requested the acquittal on nonsensical grounds of innocence since it was not him but his subordinates who committed the crimes, the UN tribunal recently upheld the final decision; close the doors to all other calls. After 26 years, the world saw the desperation in the eyes of Mladic, 78, as he joined the plight of his bed-mates as the offspring of the victims closed in as the last Bosnian trail was settled on a note of justice.

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Real figures: conviction of “Bosnian butcher” confirmed, Rome’s pizza vending machine, how rich Americans avoid taxes, global vaccine tracker Tue, 08 Jun 2021 19:03:10 +0000

United Kingdom Thursday: peacekeeping in Ireland, Boris. Biden is expected to warn British Prime Minister Boris Johnson must not implement Brexit in such a way as to establish a hard border between Northern Ireland (which is part of the UK) and the Republic of Ireland which is a member of the EU. This could jeopardize the increasingly fragile peace that has been maintained there since the 1998 Good Friday accords. Johnson wants a juicy post-Brexit commercial agreement with Washington and cannot afford to ignore Biden’s warnings.

A G7 weekend: vax and taxes. Beyond the expected redress with once rejected allies, Biden seeks to rally rich countries to send more vaccines to low- and middle-income countries – although the United States itself has been slow down to act. The Group of Seven Most Advanced Democracies in the World will also discuss ways to ensure wider adoption of their recent proposal to establish a global minimum corporate tax, a vision championed by Biden.

NATO summit: what is it for? At the first NATO summit since 2018, members will be relieved to see a US president who does not denigrate the value of the alliance itself, but more important is whether they can answer the existential question. NATO: What is the Alliance’s mission for the 21st century? As the operation in Afghanistan draws to a close, NATO is now giving itself a new objective as, variously, a cyber alliance, a climate security pact and a cautious counterweight to China.

Bonus meeting! Talk about Turkey. Biden will also meet with Turkish President Recep Erdogan. U.S.-Turkey relations are strained over Erdogan’s purchase of advanced weapons from Russia and U.S. concerns over Ankara’s human rights record. Biden also arrives just weeks after recognize the Armenian genocide, a gesture that enraged the Turkish government. But is there a way for them to cooperate on Syria or post-withdrawal Afghanistan?

EU-US summit: a foreign policy for who now? At the first US-EU summit since 2014, the focus will be on trade and technology, two areas where Biden isn’t really looking to revert to pre-Trump standards. In fact, Biden left Trump’s steel tariffs on the EU in place, in part because the “Kid of Scranton” has a lot of support from the Country of Steel. But more broadly, Biden is push what he calls a “foreign policy for the middle class” that will prioritize American businesses, workers and suppliers in a way that could anger Europe. And there are ongoing disputes over transatlantic standards on digital privacy and taxation of tech companies.

Meeting with a “killer”. Expect freezing air as Biden ends his trip during a meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin, which he has accused of murder. Biden has been criticized for meeting with Putin, especially following several recent major crimes by hackers which Washington says are based in russia, and Moscow’s support for the Belarusian state’s hijacking of a Ryanair flight last month. But Biden’s team says they just want a “stable and predictable” relationship with a cantankerous Kremlin: to cooperate where they can, to get their act together where they need to.

During this whole trip there will be two big problems.

First, China. Brussels and Washington agree to tackle China’s unfair trade practices and human rights abuses, and Biden – unlike his predecessor – wants to work with allies to form a united front on this. And amid mounting diplomatic tensions with Beijing, Europe recently blocked ratification of a massive and long-negotiated EU-China trade and investment pact that Washington doesn’t like.

But Biden needs to be cautious with European leaders, who are reluctant to be forced to “take sides” in anything that looks like a new Cold War. After all, many countries in the EU – especially smaller and less wealthy ones – are eager to boost their economies with the help of Chinese investment and technology.

Second, how far back is America really? Europeans will be relieved to see Biden, but they will also be skeptical. The 2016 election showed how quickly things can change in American foreign policy. And while no one knows the chances of Trump (ism) returning to the White House in 2024, in a deeply polarized United States where the former president is still popular, it is entirely possible. Add in the fact that it is also unclear who will rule Germany or France by the end of next year, and you have a lot of uncertainties hanging over which alliance is the most powerful militarily and economically of the world.

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World Bank warns of ‘uncertain’ economic outlook for Europe and Central Asia Tue, 08 Jun 2021 15:11:59 +0000

The World Bank says Europe and Central Asia continue to struggle to contain the coronavirus pandemic, which is clouding the region’s economic outlook.

The Washington-based lending arm of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) said in its latest global economic outlook report, published on June 8, that the economic growth of the 23 countries it brings together in the region is expected to reach 3.9% in 2021, the strengthening of external demand and high prices of industrial raw materials offsetting the negative impact of recent resurgence of new cases of COVID-19.

The World Bank warned, however, that the outlook remains “uncertain”, with uneven vaccine deployments and the withdrawal of national macroeconomic support measures weighing on the regional recovery.

“Several countries in Central Asia, Eastern Europe and the Western Balkans face bottlenecks related to the production, supply or delivery of vaccines secured through the COVAX facility or other agreements, ”the report notes.

“Growth could be weaker than expected if the pandemic takes longer than expected to subside, if external financing conditions tighten or if political uncertainty and geopolitical tensions increase further,” he said. declared.

The report says that a resurgence of COVID-19 cases in early 2021 interrupted the start of economic recovery in many countries in the region and warned that “the aftermath of the pandemic, including slowdowns in the build-up of physical and human capital, are emerging in the medium term. outlook if left untreated.

The World Bank has also noted that recent currency depreciations have put further upward pressure on prices, a growing concern for some economies still trying to shake off the effects of decades of Soviet-era planning.

“Due to inflationary pressures, key interest rates have been raised in a third of the region’s economies so far in 2021,” the bank said, pointing to Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkey and Ukraine. .

The Russian economy is expected to grow 3.2% in 2021, while the Western Balkans is expected to rebound to 4.4% annual growth. Central Europe is considered the weakest area in the Europe-Central Asia region, with economic output growth of just 1.9% this year.

The World Bank includes the following countries in its forecasts for the Europe and Central Asia region: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kosovo. Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Ukraine and Uzbekistan.

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AP News Digest 3 a.m. Chinese Congress Alzheimer’s Virginia Biden Tue, 08 Jun 2021 07:01:39 +0000

Here are the AP’s latest cover plans, top stories, and promotional content. Every hour EDT. For late-breaking information on AP’s coverage, visit the coverage plan at




CYBERSECURITY-COLONIAL PIPELINE – CEO of massive fuel pipeline hit by ransomware last month is expected to detail his company’s response to the cyberattack and explain his decision to authorize a multi-million dollar payment when he testifies in front of the Congress By Eric Tucker and Ben Renard. SENT: 750 words, photos, videos. COMING SOON: 890 words after 10 a.m. hearing.

MIGRANTS-GIRL-ALONE – Six years have passed since Glenda Valdez kissed her toddler and left for the United States – six years since she held Emely in her arms. But here she is, at Austin-Bergstrom International Airport in Texas, tearfully kissing the little girl she left behind. And that only happened because she had seen a TV photo of Emely, part of an Associated Press article about young people crossing the Mexican border alone. By Acacia Coronado. SENT: 930 words, photos, video.

CONVENTION BILLS – Democrats and voting rights groups are trying to figure out what to do after a pivotal senator says he will not support a sweeping election bill that advocates say is essential to the preservation of democracy. By Nicholas Riccardi and Brian Slodysko. SUBMITTED: 1,040 words, photos. With CONGRESS-BIDEN – Biden and his allies in Congress face a pivotal month.

UNITED STATES-AFGHANISTAN – The US withdrawal from Afghanistan is more than half complete, and US officials say that while it could be completed by July 4, the final exit of equipment and troops will probably be done later in the summer. By Lolita C. Baldor and Robert Burns. SENT: 970 words, photo.

ISRAELL-MIXED-CITY-VIOLENCE – Israeli security forces guard the streets of Lod, weeks after rioters torched patrol cars, synagogues and homes. The attackers who killed an Arab and a Jewish resident are still at large. And a mayor who some accuse of paving the way for some of the worst civil strife in Israel’s history remains in office. Israel and Hamas struck a truce two weeks ago to end 11 days of fighting in the Gaza Strip. But the roots of the upheavals that rocked Israel’s mixed Judeo-Arab towns during the war have not been addressed, leaving these communities on edge. By Ilan Ben Zion and David Goldman. SUBMITTED: 1,220 words, photos.

NRA-GUN POLICY – Liberals applauded the legal and financial danger to the National Rifle Association, seeing the potential demise of the gun lobby as the path to tougher gun laws. But the NRA’s message has become so entrenched in the Republican Party that even if the organization implodes, its shameless pro-gun perspective will endure. By Colleen Long. COMING SOON: 1,300 words, photos by 6:30 a.m.




BEZOS-SPACE – Jeff Bezos will explode in space during the rocket’s first crew flight. SENT: 1000 words, photos.

CHINA-WANDERING-ELEPHANTS – China’s stray elephants are becoming international stars. SENT: 550 words, photos.

CONFEDERATE-MONUMENT-RICHMOND – Virginia’s high court will hear challenges to the removal of Lee’s statue. SENT: 240 words, photos.

ROAD-RAGE-BOY-SLAIN – Two-faced arraignment in a road rage shootout that killed a boy, 6. SENT: 500 words, photos.




CHINA-SOUTH-EAST ASIA-UNITED STATES – China pledges further assistance to countries in Southeast Asia in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic as it seeks to strengthen its influence in the region where its main geopolitical rival, the United States, is also seeking to strengthen its ties. SENT: 370 words, photos. With VIRUS-OUTBREAK-THE-LATEST.




HARRIS-LATIN AMERICA – Vice President Kamala Harris meets with Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador to discuss efforts to stem the tide of migration to the United States. SENT: 890 words, photos. COMING SOON: 990 words after 11:00 a.m. meeting.

ELECTION-GOVERNOR OF VIRGINIA RACE – Voters will decide the Democratic candidate in this year’s closely watched race for Governor of Virginia, narrowing a field of five in which former Gov. Terry McAuliffe is widely seen as having a dominant lead . SENT: 350 words, photos.




TRUMP-COLUMNIST PROSECUTION – Donald Trump cannot be held personally responsible for the “rude” and “disrespectful” remarks he made while in office about a woman who accused him of rape, the attorneys for the Department of Justice in arguing that he be replaced by the United States as a defendant in a defamation lawsuit. SENT: 510 words, photo.




WAR-MLADIC CRIMES – Former Bosnian Serb military leader Ratko Mladic will hear whether UN judges have upheld or overturned his convictions and life sentence for staging genocide and other atrocities throughout the Bosnian War from 1992 to 1995. SENT: 360 words, photos. UPCOMING: Hearing scheduled for 9 a.m.

NKOREA-ECONOMY – North Korean leader Kim Jong Un presented economic plans to senior ruling party officials ahead of an upcoming meeting to review efforts to overcome the hardships caused by the pandemic, state media reported. SENT: 560 words, photo.

MYANMAR-SUU-KYI – Myanmar’s military junta will begin presenting its case against ousted leader Aung San Suu Kyi to court next Monday, her lawyers said. SENT: 360 words, photos. With THALANDE-MYANMAR-JOURNALISTS – Journalists who fled Myanmar find refuge in a third country.

NEW ZEALAND-FBI-APP-STING – Authorities in Australia and New Zealand say they have dealt organized crime a hard blow after hundreds of criminals were tricked into using a messaging app secretly operated by the FBI. SENT: 420 words, photos.




BEAUTY-INDUSTRY-DIVERSITY – Beauty retailers like Ulta and Sephora are increasing their beauty products from black-owned businesses as a key strategy to tackle racial prejudice in their stores. By retail writer Anne D’Innocenzio. SUBMITTED: 1,030 words, photos, video.

FINANCIAL MARKETS – Stocks edged down in Asia after a mixed result on Wall Street as investors weighed inflation risks against signs that the recovery from the pandemic is gathering pace. By business writer Elaine Kurtenbach. SENT: 490 words, photos.




TOC FOR ALZHEIMER’S DRUG-EXPLIANT-PATIENT – Federal regulators have approved the first new drug for Alzheimer’s disease in nearly 20 years, leaving patients to wait to see how insurers handle the expensive new treatment. By health writer Tom Murphy. SENT: 710 words, photos.




NCAA COMPENSATING ATHLETES – College sport is entering a new era: athletes will be allowed to be paid sponsors and social media influencers without fear of breaking NCAA rules. By varsity sports writer Ralph D. Russo. SUBMITTED: 1,070 words, photos.




At the Nerf Center, Jérôme Minerva can be reached at 800-845-8450 (extension 1600). For the photos, Wally Santana (ext. 1900). For graphics and interactives, ext. 7636. The extended content of the AP can be obtained at For access to AP Newsroom and other technical issues, contact apcustomersupport (at) or call 877-836-9477.

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“Bosnian butcher” to spend rest of his life sentence in British prison Sat, 05 Jun 2021 02:08:24 +0000

LONDON: Shamima Begum, the 21-year-old Londoner who fled the UK at the age of 15 to join Daesh, said she went to Syria because she wanted to feel “part of something. thing”.

A new documentary “The Return: Life After ISIS” interviewed her and several other women currently detained at Al-Roj camp in northern Syria.

Begum, who left the UK in 2015 with two other London daughters – Amira Abase and Kadiza Sultana – said she had been her family’s ‘black sheep’ and had traveled to the Middle East because she didn’t want to be the “friend left behind.

She added that she was recruited online by Daesh supporters, who made fun of her and her friends’ guilt over what was happening to other Muslims in Syria.

“It was vacation when I decided to go with my friends. I knew it was a big decision, but I just felt I had to do it quickly. I didn’t want to be the friend who was left behind, ”Begum told the documentary.

“My mother didn’t see me walk through the door. I did not give her a hug. I really regret not having hugged her.

In the film, Begum describes how she must have informed Abase and Sultana’s parents that they had been killed in the town of Baghuz, saying, “I feel like I don’t have any friends anymore. They were all I had.

She also recounted how she lost two children fleeing what was left of the Daesh “caliphate”.

Begum said their death touched her so much that she wanted to kill herself. “I felt I couldn’t stand up anymore,” she added.

“I couldn’t even get up to run when there was bombing. The only thing that kept me alive was my baby that I was pregnant with. Her third child died a few days after her birth in Al-Roj.

In 2019, the British government deprived Begum of his British citizenship, preventing him from returning, which led to a long legal battle.

She told the documentary that media stories about her were fabricated to justify the decision and that she wanted a second chance.

“I would say to people in the UK, give me a second chance because I was still young when I left,” she said.

“I just want them to put aside everything they’ve heard about me in the media and have an open mind about why I left and who I am now as a person.”

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Biden jobs report: restarting the economy isn’t like “flipping a switch” Fri, 04 Jun 2021 15:30:14 +0000

President Biden said on Friday he remained confident his economic plans were working and the United States was on the road to a full recovery, following the release of the slightly below-expected May Jobs Report.

Driving the news: The US economy created 559,000 jobs last month, while the unemployment rate fell to 5.8%, the lowest in the pandemic. Biden called the report “great news for our economy,” while warning that “we’re going to run into obstacles” on the way to a full recovery.

Between the lines: Democrats and Republicans are already using Friday’s jobs report as a framework to support or attack Biden’s multibillion-dollar spending plans, including his infrastructure proposal.

  • “The failed policies of Joe Biden and the Democrats have given us another month where the economy has fallen short of expectations as Americans see the prices of gasoline, groceries and other essentials rise. soaring, ”Republican National Committee chair Ronna McDaniel said in a statement.
  • Republicans have argued that generous unemployment benefits prevent Americans from looking for work, but the whole picture is more complex, as Friday’s jobs report showed.

What he says : “No other great economy in the world is growing as fast as ours. No other great economy is creating jobs as quickly as ours. And none of these successes are an accident, they are no luck. “Biden said in White’s remarks. Housing.

  • “Now is the time to speed up the process that we have put in place. Now is the time to build on the foundation that we have laid,” he said, highlighting 1’s COVID back-up plan, $ 9 trillion passed by Congress. “Because if the progress is undeniable, it is not assured.”
  • Biden appeared to acknowledge that the number of jobs was lower than expected, saying, “We can’t restart the world’s largest economy like flipping a switch. There are going to be ups and downs in jobs and reports. economic. “

Go further: Read Axios’ breakdown of the May Jobs report

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Regional director takes European work program to countries on visits Fri, 04 Jun 2021 08:05:44 +0000

WHO Regional Director for Europe, Dr Hans Henri P. Kluge, recently visited a number of countries in the European Region, as COVID-19 vaccines continue to be deployed, offering hope in the fight against the pandemic.

Visiting Serbia, Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro, Dr Kluge had the opportunity to meet with key decision makers as well as health workers and patients.


After meeting Dr Zlatibor Lončar, Minister of Health of Serbia, Dr Kluge visited a vaccination center at the Belgrade Fair. He praised the country for its success in deploying vaccines, using digital health – in the form of web pages to register for immunization. People who sign up receive a text or email when it’s their turn to get the vaccine, which makes the process easier.

The next day, Dr Kluge attended the opening of the cold rooms of the Torlak Institute, alongside Dr Lončar. WHO has provided financial support for cold rooms, which secure the cold chain – a temperature-controlled supply chain – for COVID-19 vaccines.

During the country visit, Dr Kluge had the opportunity to speak with President Aleksandar Vučić about COVID-19, including the roll-out of vaccination and solidarity with other countries, as well and the ongoing European Work Program 2020-2025 (EPW), with particular emphasis on the Western Balkans Health Roadmap 2021-2025.


In Hungary, Dr Kluge had the opportunity to meet with high-level representatives, including Prime Minister Viktor Orbán, on a number of issues affecting health in the country. The COVID-19 pandemic has made it clear the importance of investing in health to strengthen health systems – an issue discussed between the regional director and the prime minister.

In addition, Dr Kluge has witnessed the tireless efforts of the staff of the Korányi National Institute for Tuberculosis and Pulmonology in Budapest. The Institute presented the results of several projects implemented in close collaboration with WHO, which aim to find new modalities for models of care supported by efficient payment mechanisms and clinical governance.

The Institute was one of the first in the country to be redesigned as a COVID-19 hospital, completing its conversion in record time, while maintaining some non-COVID-19 health services. Addressing the staff, Dr Kluge praised them for their work in combating the pandemic, while also working to manage patients with noncommunicable diseases and tuberculosis.

Bosnia herzegovina

Visiting Bosnia and Herzegovina, Dr Kluge spoke with high-level representatives, seeking to build on support for EPW, linked to the Western Balkans Health Roadmap 2021-2025 . The roadmap places health at the center of the country’s economic growth agenda – linking health and the economy, an issue that was highlighted during the COVID-19 pandemic. Dr Kluge met with the President and members of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina to discuss the EPW – this is the first time that a WHO Regional Director for Europe has met the Presidency in person.

In addition, Dr Kluge signed a biennial collaborative agreement with Minister of Civil Affairs Ankica Gudeljević, focused on building emergency resilient, financially stable and strong health systems to leave no one behind. health matters.


While in Montenegro, Dr Kluge spoke to parliamentarians about pan-European and country-specific health issues, including tobacco control and universal health coverage. The regional director also underlined the importance of health workers during a speech to the parliamentary committee on health, labor and social protection. In addition, Dr Kluge met with Prime Minister Zdravko Krivokapić, to discuss EPW and its importance for health in the Region.

Montenegro has also worked to strengthen governance, surveillance, diagnostics and clinical management, as part of digital health innovation in the country. This is an important part of the EPW, a point made clear during discussions with Minister of Health Jelena Borovinić Bojović.

The visit also provided an opportunity to discuss digital health and immunization and their role in responding to the pandemic with health workers from a primary health care center in the capital Podgorica. These centers have helped bring health care and vaccine deployment closer to communities.

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Bosnian utility seeks proposals for photovoltaic, wind and hydropower plants Wed, 02 Jun 2021 11:42:46 +0000

Green energy

Photo by Blue Planet Studio / Shutterstock

JP Elektroprivreda HZ HB dd Mostar, the public electricity company of Bosnia and Herzegovina, has appealed to acquire operational renewable energy projects exceeding 1 megawatt, energy portal pv-magazine reported.

The Mostar-based utility said it would prioritize projects in areas with strong solar radiation and good environmental conditions. It will also focus on projects that already have land use planning permits.

The call is open to solar, wind and hydroelectric projects. Interested developers have until December 31 to express their interest. JP Elektroprivreda operates several hydropower plants totaling 762 MW.

It also owns a 50 MW wind farm and is the third largest electricity supplier in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

According to the latest statistics from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), Bosnia and Herzegovina had only 35 MW of grid-connected solar power at the end of 2020.


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Ryanair begins its EX-YU expansion with more than forty new routes Wed, 02 Jun 2021 07:00:00 +0000

Commenting on its upcoming expansion to Zagreb, Ryanair said: “We are delighted to have announced Zagreb and so many new connections. It is a very poorly served airport. Finally, low rates have arrived. We have made a good and sane trade deal with Zagreb so that we can grow even further. It’s positive for Zagreb, Ryanair and our crew who will be working there. Hopefully we will have even more roads launched in the summer of 2022 ”. The Zagreb Tourist Board noted: “The arrival of Ryanair in Zagreb is important for the development of tourism in the capital of Croatia and throughout the country. It makes sense to choose Zagreb as a year-round destination for a city vacation. We welcome every new airline that comes to Zagreb and we will be happy to see Ryanair line up among the other companies already flying to our city ”.

Ryanair will also add a new airport to its network of destinations in the former Yugoslavia with the introduction of flights from Tuzla. The carrier will begin two routes from the city starting in September. Tuzla Airport General Manager Esed Mujačić said: “We are delighted to welcome Ryanair to Tuzla as we strongly believe that the Canton of Tuzla and the whole market of Bosnia and Herzegovina deserve tariffs. even lower, which will now be available via the Ryanair network. . We thank the government of the Canton of Tuzla, the cantonal Ministry of Commerce, Tourism and Transport and the members of the Airport Supervisory Board for the support provided during the talks with Ryanair. We look forward to our cooperation with Ryanair and are delighted to be part of the airline’s long term expansion plans. We expect a strong, long and fruitful collaboration in the years to come to the satisfaction of passengers traveling to Tuzla airport. Increased connectivity and more cheap flights from Tuzla will create more local jobs and help the local economy recover from Covid-19 ”.

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Latest coronavirus: Peru almost triples its death toll from Covid-19 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 05:20:06 +0000

The Singapore government hopes to lift restrictions linked to the pandemic from June 13 if it manages to bring a number of local clusters under control.

The Ministry of Health on Monday confirmed 16 new cases of locally transmitted Covid-19 infection, 13 of which are linked to previous cases.

Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong said testing would be stepped up even if the curbs were removed. “First, we need to test faster, and more liberally and thoroughly,” he said.

He said Singapore’s health authorities will introduce different types of testing. “Many different types of Covid-19 tests have become available, for example, rapid antigen tests, saliva tests, breathalyzers, sewage monitoring, even sniffer dogs.”

Lee added, “This will allow us to detect cases more quickly so that we can isolate them and isolate their contacts quickly, before the virus spreads further.”

A runner and a cyclist cross the Jubilee Bridge in Singapore as the city-state plans to end restrictions linked to the pandemic © Lauryn Ishak / Bloomberg

He acknowledged that the clusters emerged after Singapore appeared to defeat the virus.

“Unfortunately, we are also fighting new, more infectious variants of the Covid-19 virus,” the Prime Minister said, noting that variant B.1.1.7, which was first detected in the UK, and B . 1.617. 2 variant, which was first detected in India, had arrived in the city-state.

“More variations will inevitably emerge, and we’ll have to deal with them as well,” Lee said.

The prime minister said Singapore was able to respond to the new threats.

“Unless another super-spreader or a large cluster, we should be on the right track to bringing this epidemic under control.”

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