Bosnia Economy – FK Leotar Wed, 29 Jun 2022 09:07:34 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Bosnia Economy – FK Leotar 32 32 Turkey returns to the Balkans at the expense of the EU | Nikola Mikovic Wed, 29 Jun 2022 09:07:34 +0000

Last week, EU leaders called their decision to grant EU candidate status to Ukraine and Moldova a “historical momentfor the block. It was not said how long it might take for the final “moment” to arrive.

Other EU candidate states have been languishing for years, even decades, in the “eternal waiting room” of the EU. Not only did this raise doubts about the attractiveness of the EU for Eastern European countries, but it opened the door to the emergence of other regional power brokers.

Consider Turkey’s role in the Western Balkans.

Although the Western Balkans remain firmly in the geopolitical orbit of Brussels and Washington, Ankara is moving quickly to strengthen its economic and political presence in countries such as Serbia, North Macedonia, Albania and Bosnia. –Herzegovina.

Once linked by the Ottoman Empire, Turkey and the Balkans share a common history. But they are also part of an ignominious club, countries that have obtained EU candidate status but have waited patiently, in the case of Turkey, since 1999, in vain.

Today, EU membership for Ankara and its Balkan allies looks like a lost ambition. Three Balkan states, Serbia, North Macedonia and Albania, have started their own process of integration into the Open Balkan initiative, which many regional leaders see as a substitute for EU membership.

Turkey, for its part, pursues a multi-vector foreign policy, and the Balkans play an important role in this strategy. Ankara has already signed free trade agreements with all Western Balkan states and, following these agreements, is steadily increasing its economic weight.

For example, bilateral trade between Turkey and Serbia, the largest economy in the Western Balkans, was around $2 billion in 2021; it is expected to more than double to $5 billion by the end of this year. Over the past decade, Turkish investments in Serbia have also increased by several orders of magnitude, from $1 million to $300 million today.

Such cooperation should only grow. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan plans to visit Serbia soon, while his Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu recently visited the region for meetings with leaders from Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, North Macedonia North and Croatia (the newest EU member state, which joined in 2013 after nine years of candidacy).

Cavusoglu also visited Kosovo, the breakaway province of Serbia which declared independence in 2008 and is recognized as an independent country by Turkey, most EU members and most Balkan states, but not by Bosnia and Herzegovina.

G7, NATO, gas anxiety and Ukraine lead this WEEK Mon, 27 Jun 2022 05:10:46 +0000 The world’s most developed nations are meeting in Germany this week to discuss the global economy, Russia’s war on Ukraine, digital transformation and security.

This year’s G7 summit is hosted by the German Presidency at Schloss Elmau in Bavaria.

On Monday June 27, the leaders of the G7 countries will focus on the war in Ukraine, with President Volodymyr Zelensky joining the discussion from a distance.

Ukraine was granted EU candidate status last week, along with Moldova, in a historic response to Russia’s war on Europe’s eastern flank.

Spain will host the NATO summit in Madrid from June 28-30, with bids from Finland and Sweden to join the alliance high on the agenda, but currently blocked by Turkey .

Reinforcing NATO’s presence and personnel on the alliance’s eastern flank is also on the agenda.

European lawmakers will discuss the future of EU enlargement on Monday with parliamentarians from Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kosovo, Montenegro, Moldova, North Macedonia, Serbia, Turkey and Ukraine in the Foreign Affairs Committee.

Fight emissions

Europe’s energy concerns will also be on everyone’s mind this week as the bloc faces shortages and a sharp rise in prices due to the war.

On Monday in Luxembourg, EU energy ministers are expected to focus on Europe’s green policies as they try to reach a common position on proposals to amend directives on renewables and energy. energy efficiency as part of the Fit for 55 package.

Ministers are also expected to adopt an earlier European Commission proposal to fill EU gas storage reserves before winter and share them.

The following day, EU environment ministers are expected to meet in a bid to reach a position on the part of the Fit for 55 package which concerns the carbon market, CO2 emissions performance standards for cars and vans and a social climate fund.

The Fit for 55 package aims to put in place legislation that helps achieve the EU’s goal of reducing emissions in the EU by at least 55% by 2030.

In the European Parliament, MEPs will vote on Monday on new rules to increase the use of sustainable aviation fuels by EU aircraft operators and airports, in order to reduce aviation emissions.

Also on Monday, MEPs on the Civil Liberties Committee are expected to debate Greece’s handling of migration with Greek Migration and Asylum Minister Notis Mitarachi.

Russian-Ukrainian crisis: why Russia? Sat, 25 Jun 2022 06:23:10 +0000

In the emerging world order, there are three players: the United States, China and Russia. Indeed, the United States is a superpower with the strongest economy. But the size of the Russian economy is $1.71 trillion while China’s is $19.9 trillion. With this, Russia is ranked number 11 while China is the second largest economy. These figures suggest that it is difficult for the United States to corner China with war tactics, but Russia being economically less powerful than China can easily be targeted. Therefore, the United States proposed the policy of “bleeding Russia”. Here the question is how can the United States bleed Russia?

To better understand this conflict, we must stick to a few historical facts because the question of the invasion of Ukraine is not an abrupt measure; he brings a long story from the Berlin Wall in 1989. Where the parties involved reached an agreement that NATO would not expand to Russia’s eastern border. Ukraine’s NATO membership is seen as a direct violation of the earlier agreement which Russia has defined as a red line and a threat to its national security. Therefore, Russian concerns were clear in the west since 1989.

Read more: Ukraine crisis: a win-win scenario for Erdogan?

So why was NATO so determined to expand?

NATO expansion was supposed to provoke Russia and in February 2022 Russia was forced to invade Ukraine. Although Russia continued to prefer to resolve the issue through negotiations. But it seemed that the West was least interested in the negotiations, because the negotiations ran counter to the goals of the US policy of bleeding Russia. After the invasion, Russia faced serious sanctions from the United States and its NATO allies. In six rounds, more than 4,000 sanctions were imposed due to which Russia faced growing isolation in the global world. It looks like this is not a war between Ukraine and Russia, but an economic and financial war against Russia by the United States via NATO. The main objective is to financially isolate Russia. Initially, the Russian banking sector was deeply affected by the removal of the SWIFT facility. But how effective were these sanctions?

Trade deals face crippling consequences with an oil and gas ban by the United States and its European allies. Main destination of Russia’s energy exports in 2021 for crude oil and condensates: OECD Europe 49%, Asia and Oceania 38% while the rest of the world 13%. For natural gas OECD Europe 74%, Asia and Oceania 13% while the rest of the world 13%. The figures above suggest that Europe depends on Russia for its energy needs.

This is one of the main reasons why Europe has not yet implemented a complete ban on Russian gas exports. They need an alternative way to completely ban Russian gas. But unfortunately, these alternative means such as: a) the United States will provide an additional 15 billion cubic meters of gas by the end of 2022, but this will only be enough for 1/10th of Europe’s needs; b) the United States could supply 50 billion cubic meters of gas by 2030, which takes time; c) using other renewable sources such as wind energy in Europe takes time. But do Europeans have that long to wait for alternative energy sources? The simple answer is no.

Read more: EU leaders grant Ukraine candidate status

The story is not limited to Europe alone many countries depend on Russian gas like North Macedonia 100%, Bosnia and Herzegovina 100%, Finland 90%, Latvia 90%, Bulgaria 90%, Serbia 89%, Poland 53%, Italy 46%, Germany 43%, France 25%, Belarus 19%, Turkey 16%, etc. World oil prices are currently hovering between $105 and $112 per barrel. The United States has asked its allies to release an additional 30 to 50 million barrels to the market. But that’s not in the best interests of OPEC Plus. Therefore, they never agreed. In desperation, the United States eased oil sanctions against Venezuela, but with the easing of sanctions, Venezuela largely began selling oil to China.

Unfortunately, the cost of NATO expansion to Russia’s eastern border is more deadly and expensive not only for Ukraine but for the whole world. In times to come, the world will face energy, food and humanitarian crises. The energy issue is ringing alarm bells for many countries – in this global environment, can the world afford to continue this war? Otherwise why this war?

If they aimed to weaken the ruble, instead of weakening it got stronger

Russia’s account surplus hit $58.2 billion in the first quarter (January-March) of 2022. This is a three-decade high, up from $22.5 billion in the same period last year. Although Russian exports plunged, the ruble soared. But how?

The American objective was to weaken the Russian economy and, ultimately, its national security. But, (according to Dr. Ashfaque Hassan Khan’s lecture), Russia took the following measures to retaliate: 1) the Central Bank of Russia injected $1.0 billion into the market on the day of the invasion to support its change ; 2) The Central Bank raised its benchmark interest rate from 9.5% to 20% in February 2022; 3) set a foreign currency withdrawal limit; 4) imposed capital controls and a total ban on foreigners selling securities; 5) prohibits the transfer of foreign currency abroad; 6) The Central Bank announced the purchase of gold at a fixed price of 5,000 rubles per gram; 7) hostile countries were asked to pay in rubles for oil and gas; 8) Russian exporters were advised to earn foreign currency and convert up to 80% into rubles.

Read more: Sale of US drones to Ukraine escalates tensions

As a result, the ruble gained strength. On February 24, 2022, the ruble-dollar parity was 79.7 for 1 USD. Two weeks after the invasion, the ruble fell to 151 to the dollar. Which created a huge panic, but Russia came up with the above plan to regain Ruble strength. Currently, 54 ruble is per USD much stronger than before. Second, the US goal seems unattainable.

However, the conflict has left Ukraine with 60% damaged infrastructure, 20% of its territory under Russian control, 12 million displaced people and 6 million refugees. The impact of the Ukraine-Russia crisis has also affected Europe and the world with energy shortages, emerging food crises and humanitarian problems. But is this war worth the cost to all states, especially what Ukrainian citizens are paying?

Read more: Impasse in the Russian-Ukrainian war

Unfortunately, this war seems to be another mistake of the West after its precipitous withdrawal from Afghanistan, leaving behind a humanitarian crisis. The Ukraine-Russia war leads to reshaping world politics with the emergence of a new world order.

Dr. Farah Naz is an assistant professor in the Department of Government and Public Policy at the National University of Science and Technology. The opinions expressed by the authors do not necessarily represent the editorial policy of Global Village Space

Pray that Bosnia doesn’t happen to us – The Sun Nigeria Wed, 22 Jun 2022 23:39:00 +0000

All that they always wished for us was pain, agony and such. We are convinced by their body language, their actions and their inactions. They never wanted anything good for us.

They are pained whenever we are happy. Our joy irritates them endlessly. They hate our smiling faces. They feel uncomfortable when we are comfortable.

These characters who claim to be our leaders? They come from a wild and strange world. They are made from the very bottom of hell. That’s why they are sad when we are happy.

Are you a 40+ male? Don’t miss Vital Information, it leaves in 2 days! CLICK HERE to READ .

Whenever they feel that we feel comfortable, they go to their crisis room, consult their oracle. Then they hit us hard to erase our joy.

From the blues, they make nasty policies. They don’t care, not even a hoot. They derive absolute pleasure from our tribulations. They mock us with contempt, clink glasses and recklessly pop champagne!

We are alone in licking the deep wounds deliberately inflicted upon us. No sympathy, no empathy on their part. They go on like we don’t matter.

A sad but graphic sample: the shortage of fuel, that’s it. Where do we place the current fuel crisis? It has become an agonizing recurring decimal in our national life. What a calamity!

We are running against the tide. The waves, the winds are obviously not on our side. The drift is obvious and the speed is alarming. A big stop is urgently needed. A break is highly desirable. Who’s going to bell the cat?

Iba Gani Adams stood up to them. He did it with all his might. He bravely showed the tough material he is made of.

Surprised? Not quite, really. In fact, he did what was expected of him. Even at this critical time in our existence as a nation.

Gani Adams is Aare Onakakanfo from Yoruba country. Remember? So? He wasn’t doing anything out of place. He is perfectly in tune with the aspirations of his immediate constituency. He has no viable alternative. He’s a real committed generalissimo!

He came out of the shell, bold and brave. He couldn’t hold back any longer. It would amount to a monumental disaster. He lifted the glove. He ignored all the odds. He was focused, resolute and determined.

The challenge was not for a small mind. It didn’t escape him either.

He kind of cursed all the consequences. Real and imaginary. He knew our situation was awful, dreadful, appalling and frightening. However, the patriot in him dared it.

He brought it home succinctly the other day. He was practically on his knees. He feared that Bosnia would happen to us. And very soon too. He certainly didn’t want any of this.

So? The Aare Onakakanfo cleverly put pen to paper. He titled it: “Avoiding a Aftershock of the Bosnian War in Nigeria.” It was a powerful and strongly worded correspondence.

He sealed it. His speaking engagements included, but were not limited to: United Nations Secretary-General António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres, African Union (AU), European Embassies, United States Departments, International Association for Freedom religion in the UK and the Council on Foreign Relations.

Gani Adams didn’t need to burn candles all night. He had everything he needed to depict the situation at his fingertips. And he did it perfectly justice. You can’t blame him.

Excerpts from the devastating and accusatory missive: “Things are no longer normal in Nigeria. What happened in the defunct Yugoslavia that led to the balkanization of that country is becoming child’s play in Nigeria.

“Pitifully, the terrorists who move from northern Nigeria to the south are welcomed, encouraged and reinforced by the powers that be in Nigeria. This is our seemingly endless dilemma.

Short flashback. A similar alarm has been raised in the defunct Yugoslavia. No one cared to listen then as they do now in Nigeria. And the pogrom in Yugoslavia continued unabated.

It was the nonchalant attitude of those who took advantage of this national malaise. This invariably led to the Bosnian War, from 1992 to 1995.

Adams then returned home: “Ironically, the president of Nigeria is a Fulani. Fulanis have been singled out for abductions, kidnappings and murders in the North.

“They are gradually moving south. The danger is that the people of the South are already determined to engage them. This could lead to a full-scale war.

Aare’s horrific list of atrocities is legion. Let’s use this as a case study: “Deborah Samuel, a level 200 student at Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto, was killed and her body burned by bloodthirsty fundamentals because they believed she was guilty of blasphemy.

“The killers are visible in a viral video seen by peace-loving people around the world, but the government has only prosecuted them for ‘disturbing the public peace’.

He concluded his “epistle” thus: “Those in authority are generally believed to be powerless, conniving or both. Nigeria is at the tipping point, showing all the signs of a bankrupt nation.

“Instead of addressing these atrocities committed by Fulani terrorists, government officials are busy planning and strategizing for the 2023 general elections. Something urgently needs to be done to avert a permanent collapse of the country. .

We need more Gani Adams to put this regime on its toes permanently. They should stand up and be counted with pride. Now!

The UN even gave credible credence to Adams’ claims. Its Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Nigeria, Matthias Schmale, said: “I am gravely concerned by the recent waves of violence affecting civilians in North East Nigeria. The violence raises immediate concerns for the safety of civilians.

Yet our own government refused to be convinced. In his absurd thought, he “had a significant impact on security”. Above is how they impacted for the wrong reason.

President Muhammadu Buhari even extended it to the economy and corruption. Haba, Megida! He told a bewildered nation at a police event in Kano last Thursday:

“We can say that the recent positive developments have shown that we can see a general improvement in all three areas (security, economy and corruption). We have taken a strong stance against widespread corruption.

And what is the result of the “strong position”? Abundance of reckless corruption, of course! It was as empty as ever. Nothing has changed. Blatant lies, unlimited lies and deceit.

Living in perpetual self-sacrifice is their greatest loss, their atypical trademark. They cherish it with relish. They eat it, drink it and smoke it. Unbeknownst to them, abnegation intoxicates. The reason the government fumbles, staggers all the time, all the time.

Come to think of it, he. Didn’t we deserve these pains? We asked for it in 2015. We repeated the “feat” in 2019, against all odds. We get it “in good measure, pressed, shaken and overflowing”.

Ab initio, some of us have never seen a Messiah in them. We knew who they were and we still are. We were sure that a leopard never changes its spots.

But we were singled out and reviled. We were ridiculed as whiners. Oh, we always remain proud. We are eternally grateful that the label sticks; just as we stick to our guns.

Our leaders have gone mad and adamant. They have become pewter gods, playing God. They no longer need our prayers.

We only need our prayers for ourselves. Why? This Bosnia may not happen to us here.


Partner with me, let you make N500K to N500K per month! Skills open doors to financial opportunities Click here to learn it .

Germany to provide troops for EU military mission in Bosnia | Company Wed, 15 Jun 2022 12:47:04 +0000 6?E[ H9:49 DE:== 92D E@ 36 D:8?65 @77 …]]>

BERLIN (AP) — The German government on Wednesday approved the deployment of up to 50 soldiers to join a European Union military mission in Bosnia.

This page requires JavaScript.

Javascript is required for you to play premium content. Please enable it in your browser settings.

kAm%96 56A=@J>6?E[ H9:49 DE:== 92D E@ 36 D:8?65 @77 @? 3J !2C=:2>6?E[ H@F=5 36 2FE9@C:K65 F?E:= yF?6 b_[ a_ab]k^am

kAms676?D6 |:?:DECJ DA@<6D>2? s2G:5 w6=>3@=5 D2:5 E96 EC@@AD H@F=5 36 56A=@J65 E@ E96 9625BF2CE6CD 😕 $2C2;6G@ 2?5 😕 EH@ >@3:=6 @3D6CG2E:@ ? 2?5 =:2:D@? E62>D E92E H@F=5 24E 2D E96 “6J6D 2?5 62CD” @7 E96 >:DD:@?]k^Am

kAmv6C>2?J =2DE 4@?EC:3FE65 EC@@AD E@ E96 >:DD:@?[ <?@H? 2D ~A6C2E:@? p=E962[ 23@FE 2 564256 28@]k^am

kAm%96 tFC@A62? &?:@? 2?5 E96 &?:E65 $E2E6D 92G6 6IAC6DD65 4@?46C? 23@FE k2 9C67lQ9EEADi^^2A?6HD]4@>^2CE:4=6^3FD:?6DDF?:E65DE2E6DC2462?56E9?:4:EJC24:2= :?;FDE:467@C6:8?A@=:4Jacf73e66g_6b_fb`6ga5_3cd3c475a36QmE96 A@DD:3=6 3C62<2 ? 4@F?ECJk^2m :7 E96 A6246 28C66>6?E 3C@<6C65 @G6C ad J62CD 28@ F?C2G6=D]k^Am

kAm%96 =6256C @7 q@D?:2VD $6C3D 92D 7@C J62CD AC6DD65 7@C E96 $6C3CF? A2CE @7 q@D?:2 E@ =62G6 E96 C6DE @7 E96 4@F?ECJ 2?5 F?:E6 H:E9 ?6:893@C:?8 $6C3:2]k^Am

Get unlimited access

$3 for 3 months

Subscribe now

Support local journalism reporting on your community

* New subscribers only
* Digital subscription only

After the initial subscription period selected, your subscription rate will automatically renew at $12.00 per month.

Copyright 2022 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed without permission.

EBRD approves €3m loans to Mi-Bospo in Bosnia Tue, 14 Jun 2022 08:58:00 +0000

SARAJEVO, Bosnia and Herzegovina, June 14 (SeeNews) – The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) has announced that it has approved three loans totaling €3 million ($3.1 million) to the Bosnia and Herzegovina microfinance institution Mi-Bospo in support of micro and small enterprises (MSEs) and to finance private investments in energy efficiency.

The EBRD has approved a senior unsecured loan of up to €1 million under the Western Balkans Green Economy Financing Facility II (WB GEFF II) to support investments in technologies, materials and high-performance green solutions undertaken in housing or private residential buildings, he said in a project summary document on Monday.

The lender will also provide a loan of up to €1.5 million to be on-lent to MSEs under the Financial Intermediaries Framework (FIF).

The third loan, for a maximum amount of 500,000 euros, will be on-lent to MSEs whose overall operational management responsibility or majority stake is held by a person under 35 years of age. The loan will be granted under the EBRD’s Western Balkan Youth Business Programme.

Mi-Bospo is a microfinance institution focused on lending to women borrowers, women entrepreneurs and agro-clients. Headquartered in Tuzla, Mi-Bospo has 193 employees and serves around 25,500 clients in the country through 38 offices.

($ = 0.9547 euros)

Euro-Mediterranean Regional and Local Assembly (ARLEM) Sat, 11 Jun 2022 15:42:04 +0000


It was set up in 2010 by the European Committee of the Regions (CoR) in collaboration with local associations active in this context, allowing elected representatives from the three shores of the Mediterranean to:

  • represent their local and regional authorities politically, including with the EU and the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM)
  • maintain political dialogue and
  • promote interregional cooperation

Which countries are concerned?

Egypt, Turkey, Algeria, Morocco, Syria (membership currently suspended), Tunisia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Palestine, Monaco, Montenegro. In addition, Libya participates as an observer.​

What is ARLEM’s objective?

ARLEM aims to:

  • give a territorial dimension to the Union for the Mediterranean
  • promote local democracy, multi-level governance and decentralized cooperation around the three shores of the Mediterranean
  • encourage North-South and South-South dialogue between local and regional authorities
  • promote the exchange of good practice, technical knowledge and experience in areas for which local and regional authorities are responsible
  • promote regional integration and cohesion


How does ARLE​M work?

Politically, ARLEM offers a forum for permanent political dialogue. It contributes to the consultative work of the CoR through thematic reports. It also represents the local and regional level at UfM summits.

In its work, ARLEM creates synergies with its partners, including the UfM (Declaration of intent signed in 2013), the European LRA associations which are represented at ARLEM, the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of Council of Europe (observer status), the UfM Parliamentary Assembly (observer status), the European Training Foundation (declaration of intent signed in 2013) and the European Economic and Social Committee ( observer status).
The Assembly brings together the members of ARLEM during its annual plenary sessionduring which the thematic reports are adopted, aand for Commission and Bureau meetings. In addition, specific workshops or conferences can be organized and specific aspects deepened through studies.

How is ARLEM composed?

ARLEM brings together 80 members and 2 observers from the EU and its Mediterranean partner countries. The members are representatives of regions and local authorities and hold a regional or local authority mandate.

ARLEM is chaired by a co-chairmanship equally representing the Mediterranean partners and the EU. The co-chairman of the group of Mediterranean partners is confirmed by consensus by this group for a period of two and a half years.

ARLEM desk defines the strategy and range of activities of the Assembly.
Within the Sustainable Territorial Development Commission, the ARLEM rapporteurs draw up thematic reports on subjects relating to the areas of:

  • decentralization
  • urban and territorial development
  • cultural cooperation
  • the information society
  • migration and integration
  • small and medium enterprises
  • Trade
  • Sustainable development
  • Water Management
  • Waste Management
  • energy, especially solar energy
  • transportation
  • agriculture and tourism
  • etc
As Donbass fighting rages, Syevyerodonetsk and Lysychansk are ‘ghost towns’, says Zelenskiy Tue, 07 Jun 2022 06:34:19 +0000

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy says a ‘threatening situation’ has developed in Zaporizhzhya, where Russian troops intend to capture the region’s main town even as they fight for control of the city Eastern Syevyerodonetsk.

“The enemy wants…to occupy the city of Zaporizhzhya,” Zelenskiy said at a June 6 press conference.

The General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine also stated that Russian troops reinforcement towards Zaporizhzhya. Capturing the southeastern city would allow the Russian army to advance closer to the center of the country.

The Zaporizhzhya region, parts of which have already been captured by Russia, is one of the largest industrial regions in southeastern Ukraine.

Zelenskiy, who on June 5 visited Lysychansk and Soledar, two towns close to some of the heaviest fighting, also spoke about the fighting in Donbass. He said that in the Luhansk region, the Ukrainian resistance continues in Syevyerodonetsk, one of the two key towns in the region which is still not in Russian hands.

“They are more numerous, they are more powerful, but we have every chance to fight in this direction,” Zelenskiy said.

In the northeast region of Kharkiv, the Ukrainian army is “gradually clearing our lands” from Russian invaders, Zelenskiy said.

He also said the country hoped to create secure corridors that would allow its ships to export grain from Black Sea ports blocked by fighting. Ukraine is in talks with Turkey and Britain on security guarantees for Ukrainian ships carrying grain, he said.

“It is important for us that there is a security corridor…that the fleet of this or that country ensures the shipment of grain,” Zelenskiy said.

Grain exports were discussed at the UN Security Council in New York, where European Council President Charles Michel blamed the Kremlin for a looming global food crisis.

Michel spoke directly to Russian Ambassador Vasily Nebenzya during a June 6 council meeting, saying he had seen millions of tonnes of grain and wheat stuck in containers and ships in the Ukrainian port of Odessa a few weeks ago “because of Russian warships in the Black Sea”. ”

His comments prompted Nebenzya to come out.

Thousands of people were caught in the crossfire in Syevyerodonetsk as Governor Serhiy Hayday said Russian forces turned to “scorched earth tactics”.

Hayday said Russian shelling on June 6 also targeted Syevyerodonetsk’s twin city, Lysychansk. He said Russia had devoted a “simply incredible” number of troops and equipment to shelling the main access road to Lysychansk and Syevyerodonetsk, which connects Bakhmut and Lysychansk.

Live briefing: Russia’s invasion of Ukraine

RFE/RL Live briefing gives you all the major developments on the invasion of Russia, how Kyiv is fighting back, the plight of civilians and the Western reaction. For all of RFE/RL’s coverage of the war, click here.

Separately, Ukraine’s military intelligence chief said the fighting around Syevyerodonetsk is now the “hottest” conflict zone in Ukraine.

General Kyrylo Budanov said Ukrainian forces were advancing against the Russians in the important eastern rail hub despite “a tenfold enemy advantage in artillery”.

It was not possible to independently verify the claim.

Oleksandr Stryuk, mayor of Syevyerodonetsk, said the situation was “changing hour by hour” and it was unclear which side had the upper hand.

Russian troops are also targeting Sloviansk, in eastern Ukraine’s Donetsk region, and resumed their offensive near Svyatyhorsk, some 20 kilometers north of Sloviansk, suffering casualties, the state said. Major of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.

Thousands of people have fled Sloviansk, a city that had around 100,000 inhabitants before the war, but some 30,000 are still inside.

British intelligence suggested on June 6 that the Russian troop push towards Sloviansk was part of their attempt to encircle Ukrainian forces.

In a coordinated move with the United States, Britain said it would supply Ukraine with multiple-launch rocket systems that could hit targets up to 80 kilometers away, providing the most accurate firepower and long range needed to hit Russian artillery batteries.

Defense Secretary Ben Wallace said the M270 multiple launch rocket system will help Ukraine defend against Russia. No figures have been quoted, but according to sources quoted by the BBC there will initially be three systems.

The United States announced last week that it is also providing a HIMARS rocket system capable of firing rockets with precision up to a distance of 80 kilometers.

US President Joe Biden said he would provide the HIMARS system to Ukraine after being assured it would not be used to strike targets inside Russia.

The Ukrainians had requested longer-range systems that could reach targets up to 300 kilometers away so they could strike from the rear of Russian forces, but Washington was reluctant to provide them.

Britain’s M270 multiple launch rocket system can fire 12 surface-to-surface missiles in a minute and can hit targets up to 80 kilometers away with pinpoint accuracy. However, the technical description of the M270 indicates that, depending on the ammunition used, it can hit targets as far away as 300 kilometers.

Russian President Vladimir Putin warned on June 5 that Moscow would hit new targets if Washington supplied long-range missiles to Ukraine.

Putin told the Rossia-1 TV channel that if US multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS) were supplied to Ukraine, “we will draw appropriate conclusions and use our own weapons, of which we have enough, in order to to hit those facilities we’re not targeting yet.”

Delivering new weapons to Kyiv would only “prolong the armed conflict as long as possible”, Putin said.

Explosions rocked the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv, on June 5, Ukrainian officials said.

The British Ministry of Defense said in its June 6 Daily Intelligence Bulletin that Russian Kh-101 air-launched cruise missiles struck rail infrastructure in Kyiv and were “likely intended to disrupt the supply of Western military equipment of Ukrainian front-line units”.

Ukraine’s military said late on June 5 that a senior Kremlin-backed separatist commander had been killed in action.

The news was first reported by Russian state media journalist Aleksandr Sladkov on June 5, who did not say when or where Major General Roman Kutuzov was killed.

Ukraine’s military’s Strategic Communications Administration said on June 5 that Kutuzov had been “officially denazified and demilitarized” – a mocking reference to Putin’s stated goal of “denazifying and demilitarizing” Ukraine – while he was leading an attack on a village near the town of Popasna in the Luhansk region.

Several Russian generals have been killed since the invasion began on February 24, although Moscow has only officially confirmed the deaths of four. Ukraine claimed at one point that up to seven people had been killed in the conflict, only two of whom were later found alive.

With reporting from Reuters, BBC, CNN, AFP and AP

Regardless of how BiH authorities react, demographic trends will be worse – Sarajevo Times Sun, 05 Jun 2022 09:00:33 +0000

Regardless of how we reacted, the demographic trends will be worse, and the reason for this is the lack of planned action – demographic policy, demographer Aleksandar Cavic told Dnevnik 2, referring to the reasons for the departure of the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

“Those who are competent to adopt a population policy in accordance with the Constitution and the law – have not done so. We have partial measures, in certain aspects of the population policy – ​​the birth rate policy or the policy in favor of the elderly – but not the integrative one”, underlined Cavic and added that the competence for its implementation lies located at the level of the entities, cantons and municipalities.

Cavic warned that the trends of 15-20 year olds are very worrying, and lately they have been pointing out some very bad trends: “Demographic trends are long-term – there is no opportunity to collect political points, results more tangible take more than two decades”.

The statistics are not particularly applicable to education. The labor market situation bears witness to this. When will the education system be harmonized with the needs of the economy? Why do educated people, especially those with deficient professions, leave Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH)? These are the questions the profession has been asking for years. There are positive developments, but not enough.

The greatest danger of the incompatibility of the education system with the demands of the economy, the uncertain political situation and the weak economic growth, experts warn, is that the departure of young people becomes a routine, an obligation and a common path after graduation. . What drives young people to leave BiH?

It became a little more usual for health professionals, unfortunately, to leave our health system, and with this in the future, Bosnia and Herzegovina, which becomes a country of the elderly, will have a huge problem in providing formal services in the field of health care,” warns Kenan Galijasevic, senior assistant at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Zenica (UNZE).

It is encouraging to know that most young people, despite the difficulties, want to stay and contribute to building a better society.

The synergy between the education sector, the business community and policy makers is necessary to curb this unfavorable and very dangerous trend for society. The unsustainable situation, they say in the economy, has gone on too long.

Throughout history, the choice of profession is very important, but also the institution of higher education where a certain title will be acquired.

For some professions, such as the IT sector, globalization has made the labor market accessible everywhere.

Powerful higher education institutions do not wait for the slowness of the bureaucratic apparatus. They say they work alone as much as they can.

We include a lot of people from the economy. We also include our graduate engineers. We get feedback from them about the needs of our market. We listen through the international projects that are currently in vogue in Europe, says Miroslav Kostadinovic, vice-dean for education at the East Sarajevo Faculty of Transport.

Training in the Federation of BiH (FBiH) is a constitutional obligation and a right of the canton. This can be a definite advantage.

This is why we have adopted a new law on secondary school, which allows us to modify up to 30% of its content or its program according to the needs of the local labor market, explains Bernadeta Galijasevic, Deputy Minister of Education, Science, Culture and Sports of the canton of Zenica-Doboj (ZDC).

We would say, though slow, there is still a certain movement, writes Federalna.


Susan Hartman’s “City of Refugees” about successful immigrants Thu, 02 Jun 2022 13:00:53 +0000

On the bookshelf

City of Refugees: The story of three newcomers who breathed life into a dying American city

By Susan Hartman
Tag: 256 pages, $28

If you purchase linked books from our site, The Times may earn a commission from, whose fees support independent bookstores.

In the mid-19th century, Utica, NY was home to more people than Detroit, Cleveland, and even Chicago. These towns soon overtook this isolated industrial city, but it continued to grow, reaching 100,000 in 1930 before stagnating for four decades. Then the inexorable decline that began through the Rust Belt set in and Utica grew smaller and poorer. But there’s a twist: After hitting a low of 60,000 in 2000, Utica has turned around and started to grow again, revitalizing its downtown area, thanks in large part to refugees.

Many of the people who helped foster this rebirth arrived in Utica after experiencing hell on Earth in their war-torn homelands, be it Vietnam, Burma, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Somalia or Iraq. In her new book, “City of Refugees: The Story of Three Newcomers Who Breathed Life Into a Dying American Town,” Susan Hartman shines a light on the humanity of these outsiders while demonstrating the crucial role immigrants play in the economy. – and soul – of the nation.

“Most Americans haven’t had personal contact with refugees,” Hartman noted in a recent video interview. “They feel worried and see them as people who will weigh on the economy, with big families on public assistance. I hope this book dispels myths and puts a human face on refugees, showing the reality of their hard work.

Susan Hartman’s New Book ‘City of Refugees’ Follows Three Immigrants in Utica, NY

(Press Tag)

Hartman began exploring Utica and its refugees in 2013, publishing an article on the subject the following year for The New York Times. During her reporting, she discovered the subjects of what would become her book: Sadia, a rebellious teenager in a Somali Bantu family of 12 headed by a single mother; Ali, an Iraqi who had worked for the United States during the war; and Merisha, who fled Bosnia in the 1990s.

“It was really an accidental book,” Hartman says. “These three people hooked me. I was fascinated by their stories and I had no idea what was going to happen. I was always waiting for the next trip.

Hartman continued to rewind for seven more years, learning the innermost details of three families while putting their challenges and accomplishments into the context of how Utica – with towns like Buffalo, NY; Dayton, Ohio; and Detroit — was rebounding with newcomers from a wide range of countries.

“I’m a miniaturist and I love the details of people’s lives,” she says. “I started with a story, not a program. I didn’t feel the need to make big statements. I felt he would be there if anyone wanted to find out.

Yet politics seeped into the book when Donald Trump became president pushing a xenophobic agenda – and not only continued to relentlessly attack immigrants, but also slashed the US refugee program.

“It might make the book more political, because you realize the town was booming and starting to prosper because of the refugees, but when the pipeline was cut, the town suffered,” Hartman says, noting that the president Biden reversed Trump’s attitudes and policies. (Biden, however, has received criticism from refugee advocates for his half-measures regarding people fleeing war in Ukraine: He first promised to take in 100,000 refugees, but then moved on to offer more. precarious condition of “humanitarian parole”.)

“They are excited in Utica to welcome more refugees,” Hartman says. “Companies, factories and the station need them, and there is also a hospital that is going up.”

Despite all the uncertainty of recent years, the political debate has rarely touched the refugees themselves. “They’re not as upset as you might think; they focus on work and survival,” Hartman says. “The refugees who were already here felt safe; they were American or in the process of becoming so and did not feel personally threatened. And the elderly did not receive news from American sources, but focused on news from their home countries.

It is also worth pointing out that despite the “replacement” conspiracy theories, the refugees were hardly politically monolithic. Ali voted for Trump in 2016, although he did not reveal his choice in the last election. He liked the Republican’s economic policy and chose to compartmentalize his more xenophobic rhetoric. “If you come from an authoritarian country, you’re used to Saddam Hussein,” says Hartman; by comparison, Trump never seemed particularly dangerous to Ali.

Hartman’s immersive eight-year reporting allows such nuances to shine through as families move on with their lives. Ali falls in love with an American girl named Heidi, but even as they begin to create a life together and save money to buy a house, he misses his homeland and is eager to help rebuild her. , returning to Iraq to work for the American again. government.

Sadia, meanwhile, gets kicked out of her mother’s house for posting an indie streak that seems too American for the family. Readers may be appalled by her mother’s callous behavior, but Sadia, despite her loneliness and hardship, manages to chart her own path. Hartman tries to put the family’s reaction into “a cultural context.”

“They saw Sadia as incredibly disrespectful, and her mother felt she would come back,” Hartman says, adding that she felt sympathy for the mother, whose 11 children led her to parenthood with a nurturing approach. “triage”.

Merisha and her husband work hard and raise a family, but her ambitions led her to start cooking and selling Bosnian food, inspiring the family to pitch in and put everything on the line for her to open a restaurant – which will launch in 2020, just as the COVID-19 pandemic took hold. “Opening a restaurant is such a gamble, and when I went there, Merisha was completely exhausted and couldn’t even think about the pandemic,” Hartman says.

The family adapted on the fly, with the children finding other jobs to help pay the bills, while everyone scrambled to set up a ‘take-out’ restaurant during the shutdown. “They didn’t cry,” Hartman says, adding that the restaurant survived and is thriving. The same goes for Ali and Sadia, who has a baby, a husband and a supportive in-laws, as well as plans for her future.

Regardless of their background, success is all about perspective, something these newcomers all have in abundance. “When just about anything happens,” says Hartman, “these refugees can say, ‘I’ve been through worse.’ Their resilience is enormous.