Over 113.000 citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) still have the official status of refugees or displaced persons, even though the war ended 27 years ago.
At the state level alone, between 2009 and 2019, 382 million BAM (about 190 million euros) was invested in repairing houses and apartments for citizens who returned to their pre-war places of residence, according to data from the State Ministry of Human Rights. man and Refugees.
But aid often does not reach those who need it most.
The audit services have found that the competent institutions spend the money intended for the returnee population in a non-transparent manner.
What are the conditions for public invitation?
The public invitation of the Federal Ministry for Refugees and Displaced Persons lists the general and specific conditions that must be met by all those who wish the state to help them rebuild their pre-war home.
With documents, the potential user must prove that he is a refugee from BiH, a displaced person in BiH or a returnee in his pre-war place of residence.
The public appeal stipulates that the beneficiary of the aid can only ask to rebuild the real estate he owns, which is not suitable for habitation, and where he had a registered residence at the beginning of the war, in April 1991.
As a sixth condition, it is stipulated that the beneficiary of the aid and the members of his household in which he lived in 1991 do not have any other real estate, which is conditional on living in BiH.
Those who are qualifiedis lying not getting help
Radomir Dzigerovivs, from the Municipal Office for Displaced Persons of Derventa, claims that the municipality has no influence on the selection of aid recipients, as it is carried out by the entity ministries for refugees. The municipality only helps with the construction of roads and communal connections for water, electricity and sewage.
“The fact that the citizens complained, they are right. To be honest, I spoke publicly to everyone. Especially, some people who did not deserve to pass according to past criteria. And those who are poorer and maybe live in collective housing has not passed. What are the criteriaa? How is it possible? We all know how it works, but I’m helpless,” says Dzigerovivs.
He adds that he recently visited houses that were built in previous years and that 90% of them are uninhabited, although the beneficiaries sign a contract agreeing to live in the renovated property.
Official data shows that there are still 16.936 refugees outside BiHmost of them in Serbia, France, Switzerland, Germany and Italy, writes Radio Slobodna Evropa.