A. ANALYSIS OF THE SITUATION
Description of the disaster On the night of November 5, 2021, 18 municipalities were affected by flash floods caused by intense rains in the center, east and south of the two entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Herzegovina and in the Republic of Srpska. The Zeljeznica, Miljacka, Bosna and Neretva rivers, as well as the smaller rivers that flow into them, flooded the area, causing damage and prompting evacuations. The municipalities concerned were: Ilidza, Trnovo, East Ilidza, Trnovo (FBIH), Stari Grad, Konjic, Jablanica, Novi Grad, Kiseljak, Gorazde, Pale (FBIH), Pale, Foca, Sokolac, Gacko, Foca (FBIH) and Novo Sarajevo. 5 other municipalities were less affected. Landslides were recorded in different regions of the country. A wider area of Sarajevo went without drinking water for up to three days, bringing the total number of people affected to around 250,000.
In Ilidza, an evacuation was needed at a nursing home for the elderly, where more than 58 people were evacuated to a fire station as a temporary solution. Livestock were also evacuated, where possible. The total number of people still in need of humanitarian assistance was 3,663. After the first night, they all decided to stay with family and friends, even though accommodation was offered by the Red Cross and the authorities. The lower floors of a supplementary retirement home for the elderly were flooded, causing residents to evacuate to the upper floors. 55 care residents ultimately had to be accommodated, as accommodation in the affected facility was no longer possible. Since then, residents have been reassigned to other care homes or family members. Residents needed mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS). 106 apartment buildings were flooded or damaged. Immediate risk mitigation actions, carried out in coordination with different actors, yielded good results and no further damage was caused. A total of 192 households were directly affected.
In Novi Grad, 80 people were evacuated from housing and industrial objects. 22 apartment buildings were damaged. The only company that produces medical oxygen in the country, located in this municipality and their installation was in danger with the rising waters, causing the evacuation of some parts of the equipment and personnel to another location. After the initial flooding on the second day, water levels had dropped. The total number of directly affected households was 71.
In the municipality of Trnovo (FBIH), 20 apartment buildings were damaged, as well as many roads. In the municipality of Vogošća, 20 homes were damaged. In Trnovo, 118 apartment buildings were damaged. People’s livelihoods were damaged or destroyed as agricultural land was flooded and more than 100 head of cattle drowned when the Zeljeznica River flooded. During the weekend of November 6-7, 2021, the floods brought a lot of material with the water, which decreased the ability of the river bed to take up additional amounts of water, increasing the risk of damage additional. Eventually, the situation resolved with minimal further damage. Immediately after the rainfall, landslides began, causing further damage to dwelling objects.
In Konjic, 20 residences of a local Hotovlje community were evacuated to the local mosque and there were no roads available to approach them. This blockage was caused by heavy landslides, which began as a result of rainfall. Civil protection teams were working on the ground to find a solution by trying to repair the connecting roads, while going on foot to assist the population. A generator was delivered to the village, so that the inhabitants had electricity until the road was repaired. Most of the affected population were elderly and exhausted. Many dwelling objects around the municipality were damaged by floods and another 5 dwelling objects were damaged by landslides.
In Jablanica, Gacko and Foca, landslides started due to the rains, directly affecting a total of 19 households. Damage to livelihoods has been recorded in the municipality of Pale, due to landslides and flash floods. A total of 180 households were directly affected. In Sokolac, the storm caused damage to 6 homes. In the municipality of Stari Grad in Sarajevo, there was no drinking water for two days in a row, while power outages were recorded in several municipalities.
In other municipalities, damage to infrastructure was recorded.
In most areas, the population and the authorities demanded support in the form of equipment for the cleaning of dwelling objects. The headquarters of the Red Cross of Bosnia and Herzegovina was damaged by the intense rains. The damage has increased since the incident. The headquarters space was not available for the works until the renovation works were finalized in mid-January 2022. The headquarters of the Red Cross of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (one of the entities of the Red Cross of Bosnia and Herzegovina) remained without electricity, forcing the disaster management team to work in another location. On November 5, a state of emergency was declared in Republika Srpska and in the municipalities of Ilidza, Novi Grad, Konjic, Zivinice, Vogosca, Trnovo (FBIH) in the Federation of BiH.