The entity government of the predominantly Bosnian-Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina has voted for a bill that will provide more extensive social benefits to civilian victims of the 1992-95 war.
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The Minister of Labor and Social Policy of the Federation Entity, Vesko Drljaca. Photo: Federation Government,
The government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina voted on Thursday in favor of the adoption of the draft law on the protection of civilian victims of war.
The draft law establishes a legal framework for the granting to civilian victims of the 1992-1995 war of benefits such as a personal invalidity allowance, a personal income allowance and a care and assistance allowance, orthopedic treatment allowance and a family disability allowance.
Other benefits under the bill are vocational rehabilitation and retraining, priority employment and housing status, and psychological and legal assistance.
The new law will recognize, for the first time, the rights of children born as a result of wartime rape.
The rights of civilian war victims are currently regulated by the Law on Social Welfare, Protection of Civilian War Victims and Protection of Families with Children in the Federation Entity.
But the Federation’s Minister of Labor and Social Policy, Vesko Drljaca, said that “it is important to emphasize that this project has brought many improvements”.
Drljaca highlighted the fact that under current legislation, some people are not entitled to benefits because they own a certain amount of real estate or land.
He said that under the bill, “all families of killed or missing civilians will be treated equally” and that people will not be denied benefits based on their monthly earnings.
The bill has been sent to the Federation parliament for consideration and vote.
The other entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Serb-dominated Republika Srpska, has its own separate legislation on war victims. The NGO Trial International has pointed out in the past that due to the lack of state-level law governing the issue, there is “unequal treatment of victims in Bosnia and Herzegovina depending on where they live. “.