Ancient craftsmanship was once the backbone of the Sember Plain’s economic development. Today, we can count on the fingers of one hand the excellent masters of the trade who have known how to preserve the tradition. With the development of industry and the introduction of taxation, more than 3.000 craft shops have been closed.
”After taxation, we had a drastic drop in the number of craft shops. Working conditions are really tough, entrepreneurial waters are demanding, uncertain, but also grateful. At times before the pandemic, those who loved their craft invested in themselves, their equipment, they or they were wealthy, economically independent, with a secure existence,” said Mile Stevic, President of the Chamber of Trades and Entrepreneurship.
”I’m the only one of these old tradesMen Who still works. There may be other tinsmiths somewhere, but today it’s the whole industry. All those people have large factories and warehouses, but it is very difficult with classic craft shops,” stringer Selim Sabanovic pointed out.
He says there is no one to continue the tradition: ”Young people find it difficult to treat with crafts, you see educated people also leave this country because they have no perspective. We are already getting a little old and we love craftsmanshipso we are here to preserve a tradition.”
But it’s not just the old trades that are disappearing. The labor market for artisans has long been in deficit. The registration policy of educational institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is not aligned with the real needs of the labor market and contributes to the fact that new staff only occupy places in the registers of the the employment of BH. On the other hand, labor shortages are recorded in the manufacturing professions. The working group has determined the assumptions according to which the registration procedure will be conducted.
Massive labor emigration from BiH to European Union (EU) countries has resulted in a shortage of thousands of workers in the real sector. Currently, the wood processing industry, building, and crafts are shortage occupations. Also, tthe hospitality industry at a shortstage chiefs, and agricultural production is largely in decline due to labor shortages. This is supported by the fact that over the past year, fruit growers in the Majevica region have failed to find enough workers to harvest the plums, despite the daily allowance of 80 BAM.