Albania became the second country to submit its draft plan on decoupling economic growth from greenhouse gas emissions to the Secretariat of the Energy Community.
The National Energy and Climate Plan (NCEP) includes targets and objectives such as savings in GHG emissions of 18.7%, a reduction in energy consumption of 8.4% and a share of renewable energies in final energy demand of 54.4% by 2030. Commitment, Albania currently produces almost 100% hydropower, but sells a large part of it abroad, then buys back fossil fuels and sells for a higher price to consumers during peak months.
Albania is the second country to submit the pot project to the Secretariat after North Macedonia in 2020. NECP Secretariat director Artur Lorkowski said the country has a domestic power generation sector in zero emissions which offered a head start for clean development.
The recommendations made by the NECP include the decarbonisation of the industry which is one of the biggest emitters and is set to increase. They also recommend developing more concrete plans and milestones against which progress can be adequately verified. They also recommend the introduction of an emissions trading system by 2030.
This should be introduced so that Albania can start delivering results in terms of emissions reductions before 2040 and the climate neutrality target of 2050.
The other countries currently in the process of drafting their PNECs are Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Kosovo. The objective of the PNECs is to create an integrated political framework to guide decarbonization efforts and align with the European Green Deal.