In 2015, the world came together in Paris to fight climate change. Six years later, COP26 in Glasgow will aim to deliver on the promises of the Paris Agreement. World leaders and national delegations, business, civil society and youth representatives meet for two weeks to accelerate progress.
What’s at stake?
The latest report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, released in August 2021, was a code red for the planet: with dangerous and irreversible tipping points approaching.
: Left unchecked, it will push 132 million people into poverty over the next 10 years, reversing hard-earned development gains. And according to the most recent research from the World Bank, the impacts of climate change could drive 216 million people migrate within their own country by 2050.
A central objective of the COP26 is to keep â1.5 aliveâ, that is to say to limit the increase in temperature to the limit of 1.5 degrees Celsius agreed in Paris.
COP26 is also particularly critical because it marks the moment when countries are expected to update their original climate commitments (the national targets or NDCs that were submitted before COP21) and make them more ambitious. As of October 27, 2021, 116 countries plus the 27 in the EU have submitted NDC news.
Alok Sharma, President of COP26, has set four core goals that will strive to âkeep 1.5 aliveâ and achieve a positive outcome:
- Reduce emissions, in particular by setting more ambitious national targets (CDN and LTS), get out of charcoal and stop deforestation
- Stimulate adaptation efforts, especially for the world’s poorest and most vulnerable
- Mobilize finance, including meeting past commitments and supporting efforts to transform global financial flows
- Working together to finalize the rules of the Paris Agreement and make Glasgow a success