Central and Eastern Europe was late for the Skyscraper Festival, but is quickly catching up. Here are ten of the tallest buildings in the area: some are still under construction.
Floreasca City Center – Bucharest, Romania
Culminating at 137 meters high, the city center of Floreasca is the tallest building in Romania. Completed in 2013, it has 37 floors and an area of 214,000 square meters.
The tower is mainly used for commercial purposes, but it also houses a restaurant on its highest floor. On the ground floor, the building offers visitors a shopping and entertainment center.
Although located on the northern outskirts of Bucharest, the building is easily accessible via the Aurel Vlaicu metro station.
Europa Tower – Vilnius, Lithuania
This 153-meter building is the tallest on the Vilnius skyline. It has 33 floors intended for commercial use, as well as an observation deck open to 114 meters.
The structure was officially inaugurated in May 2004 to celebrate the country’s entry into the European Union. It is located in the so-called new city center or business district of Vilnius, on the banks of the Neris river.
Klovskyi Descent 7A – Kiev, Ukraine
This Kiev skyscraper is 168 meters high and has 57 floors. Completed in 2012, it is primarily a residential building with limited commercial use.
Gulliver (162 meters) and Parus Business Center (156 meters), the second and third tallest buildings in the Ukrainian capital, completed in 2003 and 2007, provide office space for local and international companies.
Eurovea Tower 2 – Bratislava, Slovakia
This building, currently under construction in the Slovak capital, is expected to be 168 meters high and have 47 floors. The project is expected to be completed in 2023 and it will be the country’s first real skyscraper.
Located along the Danube, the large structure will mainly offer residential spaces, as well as other “living, cultural and sporting activities”, and a shopping center.
Currently, the tallest building in the country is the 125-meter Nivy Tower, but Slovakia also plans to erect five more towers over 100 meters in height by 2026.
Avaz Twist Tower – Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina
The tallest building in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the entire Balkans is the 172-meter-high Avaz Twist tower located in the prestigious Marijin Dvor district of Sarajevo. The project was completed in 2008 and the building’s observation deck is open to the public.
The tower is also home to the headquarters of the best-selling Bosnian newspaper, Dnevni Avaz, as well as Avaz.ba, the country’s most visited website.
Batumi Technological University Tower – Batumi, Georgia
Georgia’s tallest building is 200 meters tall and is not located in its capital, Tbilisi, but in the city of Batumi on the Black Sea.
The tower was completed in 2012 and, as the name suggests, was intended to house the American Technology University. However, plans for the educational institution were scrapped, and the skyscraper was sold to US hotel and leisure company Starwood Hotels and Resorts in 2015 for US $ 25 million.
The most unique aspect of the massive building is the fully functional Ferris wheel integrated into the facade at a height of 100 meters. The attraction offers space for 40 people at a time.
Georgia is also currently building the Cube Tower in Batumi, which is expected to be completed by 2025, with some sources suggesting it could be 260 meters tall. The Centropolis Alliance, the Privilege Alliance, the Babillion Tower and Orbi City are also under construction in Batumi, all placed 200 meters high.
Sky Fort – Sofia, Bulgaria
When completed, the Sky Fort in Sofia is expected to be 202 meters high and have 47 floors. The project is expected to be completed in 2022 and its main function will be to provide office space.
The building is located far from the historic center of Sofia but easily accessible via the Inter Expo Center metro station, and is close to the Sofia Business Park.
It is being developed by the Bulgarian real estate agency Fort Noks which mainly focuses on seaside property but has also completed Capital Fort (126 meters), currently the tallest building in Bulgaria.
Baku Tower – Baku, Azerbaijan
Completed in 2021, the tallest skyscraper in the Azerbaijani capital Baku is 276 meters high. The Baku Tower contains 49 floors of offices.
Baku is also home to a number of other impressive buildings, including Crescent City (210 meters), SOCAR Tower (209 meters), as well as the famous three Flame Towers, the tallest of which stands at 182 meters.
Varso Tower – Warsaw, Poland
Completed in February 2021, the Varso Tower is the tallest building in Poland and the European Union. It is the same height as the London Shard.
The structure offers 53 floors of offices and includes two other buildings in addition to the main tower – Varso 1 (81 meters) and Varso 2 (90 meters). The tower will soon also offer visitors an observation deck, restaurant and bar on the upper floors.
The building was completed by HB Reavis, a real estate development company first established in Bratislava and now operating primarily in Slovakia, Poland, the UK and the Czech Republic.
Varso is located 10 minutes walk from the Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw, for decades the tallest building in Poland, reaching 231 meters. The city skyline also includes the Warsaw Spire (220 meters), the Warsaw Trade Tower (208 meters) and the Warsaw Unit (202 meters).
Abu Dhabi Plaza – Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan
Also crowned this year, the 311-meter-high Abu Dhabi Plaza is the tallest building in the region. The structure has 75 floors and offers both office and residential spaces.
The structure offers nearly 27,000 square meters of space. It houses a four-star Sheraton hotel with 190 rooms and 100 apartments, as well as a shopping center. The project was developed by Aldar Properties, headquartered in Abu Dhabi, and represents the company’s first construction project outside the United Arab Emirates.
It is located in the most central part of the Kazakh capital, between the famous Baiterek Tower and the Linear Park, and a 20-minute drive from Nursultan Nazarbayev International Airport.
In addition to the Abu Dhabi Plaza, Kazakhstan has several other impressive skyscrapers, including the Emerald 1 Towers (240 meters), the Northern Lights Towers WTC Nur-Sultan (221 meters) and the Kazakhstan Temir Zholy Building 2 (208 meters) in Nur -Sultan, as well as the Esentai Tower (200 meters) in Almaty.
Top photo: The Varso Tower in Warsaw under construction.
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