The housing market is crazier than it has been since 2006


Less than a day after real estate agent Andrea White listed a three-bedroom house for sale in Sacramento, Calif., In March, she received an all-cash offer. The buyer – who hadn’t even seen the house in person – was prepared to pay $ 520,000, Ms. White said. It was $ 21,000 more than asking price and 37% more than what the seller paid for the ranch-style home just two years ago.

Accepting the offer was the easiest part. Ms White then had to call 17 other agents who had scheduled tours of the house to let them know she was out of the market.

Mrs. White, who works for Redfin Brokerage Corp.

and has been an agent since 2014, has never seen anything like the sales mania in his northern California town. “It’s exhausting,” she said. “I’m speechless. It’s heartbreaking for buyers; it’s a party for sellers.”

The past year has been the hottest for sales in 14 years. Home values ​​are rising in virtually every corner of the United States, and median selling prices in dozens of metropolitan areas have posted double-digit percentage increases from a year ago, according to the Zillow Group. Inc.

In Boise, Idaho, the median selling price rose nearly 25% in January from a year earlier, while in Stamford, Connecticut, it rose 19%.

“Prices are going up pretty much everywhere,” said Mark Vitner, senior economist at Wells Fargo & Co. “It’s surprising to see home prices rebound so quickly, of this magnitude, so early in an economic recovery.”

With home prices soaring in dozens of metropolitan areas, including Sacramento, above, some homeowners are looking to cash in.


Salgu Wissmath for the Wall Street Journal

While the pace of rising house prices has been staggering, it’s not hard to see what is driving the frenzy. Mortgage rates are near historic lows. Millions of millennials are entering their 30s, the typical age of first-time home buyers. And the pandemic has spurred new demand: Some buyers want more space to work from home while others are willing to move away from their desks. Many workers who kept their jobs in 2020 were able to save for down payments due to stimulus checks, forbearance from student loan repayments, and declining travel and entertainment spending.

Supply, meanwhile, has never been so tight. New home construction fell during the 2007-2009 recession and remained weak in subsequent years. Homeowners are also staying in their homes longer, in part because aging baby boomers stay healthier later in life and choose not to downsize. The number of homes for sale in March was about half of what it was a year ago, according to In Austin, Texas, Jacksonville, Florida, and Raleigh, North Carolina, the year-over-year inventory decline exceeded 70%. (News Corp,

parent of The Wall Street Journal, operates

The market has rarely been so competitive, especially for first-time home buyers or those on a budget. Bidding wars are common and new listings don’t last long. Nearly three out of four homes sold in February remained on the market for less than a month, according to the National Association of Realtors.

Prices for single-family homes across the country rose 12% in January from a year earlier – marking the largest annual increase in data dating back to 1991, the Federal Housing Finance Agency said this week. The nine regions of the country tracked by the FHFA posted year-over-year price increases of more than 10%.

Ms White says she has never seen a market like this today since becoming a real estate agent in 2014.


Salgu Wissmath for the Wall Street Journal

In February, the median price of existing homes rose 15.8% from a year earlier to $ 313,000, according to NAR.

But even with home prices rising rapidly, many homeowners are reluctant to sell because they fear competing for another home in the same market, said Daryl Fairweather, chief economist at Redfin. With mortgage rates so low, many households decided to refinance last year instead of moving.

More inventory could hit the market this spring, which is typically the busiest season for home sales, realtors say. But there are unlikely to be enough new listings to cool the market. Nationally, there was a two-month supply of homes on the market at the end of February, according to NAR, near an all-time low.


How have the pandemic and work-from-home arrangements affected your real estate decisions? Join the conversation below.

Even expensive cities where sales fell last spring are showing signs of growth. Manhattan co-op and condo sales in the first quarter of 2021 topped year-over-year levels for the first time in four quarters, according to broker Douglas Elliman. In San Francisco, home sales in February were up 19% from the previous year, according to Redfin.

Home builders are trying to increase construction to meet booming demand. New construction has rebounded from recession lows in recent years, but the country is still short of millions of units. Homebuilding activity slowed last spring and picked up during the summer. But the pace of construction is being constrained by high lumber costs, material bottlenecks and a shortage of land and labor, builders and economists say. The buying interest is so strong that many builders limit the number of homes they sell at a time. They want to make sure they don’t sell more than they can build.

The fierce competition for any house that comes on the market has “ taken some of the joy out of the process, ” says Samantha Hawkins, shown with her husband, Doug Hawkins.


Samantha hawkins

Economists and policymakers expect demand to remain robust this year, and they predict the demographic strength will continue for years to come as the great Millennials and Gen Zs age. Still, there have been some recent indications that price growth may be slowing as more homes come on the market. Rising mortgage rates – which are at their highest level since June and have been climbing steadily in recent weeks – could exclude some buyers from the market later this year.

Even buyers elated by the prospect of owning their first home have been devastated by the business. Samantha and Doug Hawkins, both 32, left their one-bedroom apartment in Boston when the pandemic struck and moved into the home of Ms Hawkins’ parents. They accumulated their savings by not paying rent, and Ms. Hawkins paid off her student loans.

But when they started looking for a home at the end of last year, they struggled to compete with other bidders. They were told that salespeople would not consider offers with down payments below 20%, said Ms Hawkins, who works in human resources.

After increasing their budget and expanding their search area, the Hawkins saw their sixth offer accepted in March, for a four-bedroom house in Westford, Massachusetts, further from Boston than they initially looked at. They are under contract and expect the deal to be done in June.

“We’re really proud to be able to do this and excited to take the next step in our lives,” Ms. Hawkins said. “But for it to be such a competitive market…. It just took a little bit of joy out of the process.

The US mortgage market involves some key players who play an important role in the process. Here’s what investors need to understand and what risks they take when investing in the industry. WSJ’s Telis Demos explains. Photo credit: Getty Images / Martin Barraud

Write to Nicole Friedman at [email protected]

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